Tetanocerini

Tetanocera ferruginea, copyright Aleksandrs Balodis.
Belongs within: Sciomyzidae.

The Tetanocerini are a group of snail-killing flies whose larvae are active predators of terrestrial or aquatic mollusks. Adults are characterised by a head with an antero-dorsally projecting profile, a pedicel subequal to or twice the length of the first flagellomere, and absence of a proepisternal seta (Marinoni & Knutson 2010).

<==Tetanocerini [Tetanocerinae] MK10
|–Limnia unguicornis K87, K01
|–Sepedoninus MK10
|–Sepedonella nana MK10
|–Euthycera arcuata MK10
|–Tetanoceroides MK10
|–Anticheta testacea K87
|–Poecilographa decora K87
|–Dictyacium ambiguum K87
|–Pherbecta limenitis K87
|–Trypetoptera canadensis K87
|–Hedria mixta K87
|–Thecomyia MK10
|    |–T. chrysacra MK10
|    `–T. longicornis MK10
|–Sepedomerus MK10
|    |–S. bipuncticeps MK10
|    `–S. macropus MK10
|–Elgiva K87
|    |–E. rufa K01
|    `–E. solicita K87
|–Hoplodictya MK10
|    |–H. setosa K87
|    `–H. spinicornis MK10
|–Teutoniomyia MK10
|    |–T. costaricensis MK10
|    `–T. plaumanni MK10
|–Guatemalia MK10
|    |–G. nigritarsis MK10
|    `–G. straminata MK10
|–Sepedonea MK10
|    |–S. guatemalana MK10
|    |–S. isthmi MK10
|    `–S. lagoa MK10
|–Protodictya MK10
|    |–P. brasiliensis MK10
|    |–P. iguassu MK10
|    `–P. nubilipennis MK10
|–Dictya MK10
|    |–D. bergi MK10
|    |–D. expansa K87
|    |–D. guatemalana MK10
|    |–D. matthewsi K87
|    `–D. umbrarum MK10
|–Sepedon [Sepedoninae] MK10
|    |–S. armipes S68
|    |–S. fuscipennis M90
|    |–S. knutsoni MK10
|    |–S. relictus K87
|    |–S. rufipes [=Oscinis (Sepedon) rufipes] G20
|    |–S. spinipes K87
|    |    |–S. s. spinipes K87
|    |    `–S. s. americana K87
|    |–S. tenuicornis K87
|    `–S. tenuipes S68
`–Tetanocera WT11
|–T. algira Macquart 1847 E12
|–T. ferruginea WT11
|–T. griseicollis K87
|–T. marginata [=Oscinis (Tetanocera) marginata] G20
|–T. montana K87
|–T. phyllophora K87
|–T. plebeja K87
|–T. plumosa MK10
|–T. punctulata K01
|–T. reticulata K01
|–T. spreta MK10
|–T. unipunctata Macquart 1847 E12
|–T. valida K87
`–T. vittigera K01

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[K01] Kertész, K. 1901. Legyek [Dipteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 179–201. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[K87] Knutson, L. V. 1987. Sciomyzidae. In: McAlpine, J. F. (ed.) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 2 pp. 927–940. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[MK10] Marinoni, L., & L. Knutson. 2010. Sciomyzidae (snail-killing flies, marsh flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1017–1024. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[M90] McAlpine, J. F. 1990. Insecta: Diptera adults. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 1211–1252. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[S68] Steyskal, G. C. 1968. The number and kind of characters needed for significant numerical taxonomy. Systematic Zoology 17 (4): 474–477.

[WT11] Wiegmann, B. M., M. D. Trautwein, I. S. Winkler, N. B. Barr, J.-W. Kim, C. Lambkin, M. A. Bertone, B. K. Cassel, K. M. Bayless, A. M. Heimberg, B. M. Wheeler, K. J. Peterson, T. Pape, B. J. Sinclair, J. H. Skevington, V. Blagoderov, J. Caravas, S. N. Kutty, U. Schmidt-Ott, G. E. Kampmeier, F. C. Thompson, D. A. Grimaldi, A. T. Beckenbach, G. W. Courtney, M. Friedrich, R. Meier & D. K. Yeates. 2011. Episodic radiations in the fly tree of life. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 108 (14): 5690–5695.

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