Tettigonioidea

Ephippiger nigromarginata, from here.

Belongs within: Apohaglida.
Contains: Listroscelidinae, Tettigoniinae, Austrosaginae, Conocephalinae, Phaneropterinae, Pseudophyllinae, Decticinae.

The Tettigonioidea, katydids, are long-horned orthopterans that often mimic leaves and other plant parts. Members of this group include both carnivorous and herbivorous forms. They are united by fore wings with vein MP (=MA2) at least partially reduced, and a narrow lancet area in the male (Gorochov & Rasnitsyn 2002). Modern tettigonioids are classified into the family Tettigoniidae. A separate family has been proposed for the Early Cretaceous Haglotettigonia egregia, representing the earliest appearance of the group in the fossil record (Gorochov & Rasnitsyn 2002). Subgroups of the Tettigoniidae include the Zaprochilinae, a group of slender, soft-bodied katydids endemic to Australia with prognathous heads adapted for feeding at flowers. The wingless south-west Australian genus Phasmodes has an elongate body form remarkably similar in appearance to stick insects. The Mecopodinae, long-legged katydids, are a primarily Old World tropical group with relatively widely placed antennae, large thoracic auditory openings, and a pair of spike-like processes on the prosternum (Rentz 1996).

<==Tettigonioidea
    |--Haglotettigonia [Haglotettigoniidae]GR02
    |    `--H. egregia Gorokhov 1988BN02
    `--TettigoniidaeMB12
         |  i. s.: DrymadusaG01
         |         MortoniellusR96
         |         LipotactesR96
         |         Picnogaster finotiD95
         |         Segestes decoratusK91
         |         Baetica ustulataMB12
         |         Pycnogaster inermisMB12
         |         Eurinoscopus hamadryas Kirkaldy 1907K08
         |         Hybrasil breani Kirkaldy 1907K08
         |         Conosanus hospes [=Phrynomorphus hospes]K08
         |         AllygusK08
         |           |--A. lotophagorum Kirkaldy 1907K08
         |           `--A. modestusV09
         |         Nesosteles hebe Kirkaldy 1906K08
         |         Muirella oxyomma Kirkaldy 1907K08
         |         Nesoecia cooksoniPP72
         |         Psyrana pomona (Kirby 1900) [=Psyra pomona]JG19
         |--ListroscelidinaeR96
         |--TettigoniinaeR96
         |--AustrosaginaeR96
         |--ConocephalinaeR96
         |--PhaneropterinaeP05
         |--PseudophyllinaeR96
         |--SaginaeR91
         |--DecticinaeBM76
         |--PseudotettigoniaGE05 [PsedotettigoniinaeGR02]
         |    `--P. amoenaGE05
         |--MeconemaV09 [Meconematidae, MeconematinaeR96]
         |    |--M. meridionaleV09
         |    `--M. thalassinumK09
         |--Microtettigonia [Microtettigoniinae]R96
         |    |--M. kangarooR96
         |    `--M. tachysR96
         |--Phasmodes [Phasmodinae]R96
         |    |--P. nungerooR96
         |    `--P. ranatriformisR96
         |--PhyllophorinaeR96
         |    |--SiliquoferaR96
         |    `--PhyllophorellaR96
         |--TympanophoraR96 [TympanophorinaeGR02]
         |    |--T. diminutaR96
         |    |--T. pellucidaR91
         |    |--T. similisR96
         |    `--T. uvaroviR96
         |--PleminiinaeFD01
         |    |--GnathoclitaFD01
         |    |--DisceratusFD01
         |    |--PleminiaBM76
         |    `--DicranostomusFD01
         |         |--D. monocerusFD01
         |         `--D. nitidusFD01
         |--Ephippiger [Ephipperinae]BM76
         |    |--E. brunneriR13
         |    |--E. costaticollis Lucas 1846E12
         |    |--E. ephippigerF92
         |    |--E. laticollis Lucas 1846E12
         |    |--E. nigromarginata Lucas 1846E12
         |    |--E. pachygaster Lucas 1846E12
         |    `--E. vitiumR13
         |--MecopodinaeR96
         |    |  i. s.: EumecopodaR96
         |    |--SexaviniR96
         |    |    |--Segestidea novaeguineaeR96, K91
         |    |    `--Sexava nubilaK91
         |    `--MecopodiniR96
         |         |--Mecopoda elongataS66
         |         `--Phricta spinosa Redtenbacher 1891 [incl. *Phoberodema redtenbacheri Brancsik 1897]R96
         `--ZaprochilinaeR96
              |--Anthophiloptera dryasR96
              |--Windbalea virideR96
              |--ZaprochilusR96
              |    |--Z. australisR96
              |    `--Z. ninaeR96
              `--KawanaphilaR96
                   |--K. gidyaR96
                   |--K. iyoutaR96
                   `--K. narteeR96

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BN02] Béthoux, O., A. Nel, J. Lapeyrie, G. Gand & J. Galtier. 2002. Raphogla rubra gen. n., sp. n., the oldest representative of the clade of modern Ensifera (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidea, Gryllidea). European Journal of Entomology 99: 111–116.

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[D95] Damerdji, A. 1995. Bio-écologie du peuplement des orthoptères de la région de Ghazaouet (Tlemcen, Algérie). Mésogée 54: 73–80.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[F92] Fan Z. 1992. Key to the Common Flies of China 2nd ed. Science Press: Beijing.

[FD01] Field, L. H., & N. A. Deans. 2001. Sexual selection and secondary sexual characters of wetas and king crickets. In: Field, L. H. (ed.) The Biology of Wetas, King Crickets and Their Allies pp. 179–204. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[G01] Gorochov, A. V. 2001. The higher classification, phylogeny and evolution of the superfamily Stenopelmatoidea. In: Field, L. H. (ed.) The Biology of Wetas, King Crickets and Their Allies pp. 3–33. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[GR02] Gorochov, A. V., & A. P. Rasnitsyn. 2002. Superorder Gryllidea Laicharting, 1781 (=Orthopteroidea Handlirsch, 1903). In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 293–303. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[JG19] James, D. J., P. T. Green, W. F. Humphreys & J. C. Z. Woinarski. 2019. Endemic species of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Records of the Western Australian Museum 34 (2): 55–114.

[K91] Kathirithamby, J. 1991. Strepsiptera. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 684–695. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[K08] Kirkaldy, G. W. 1908. A catalogue of the Hemiptera of Fiji. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 345–391, pl. 4.

[K09] Köhler, G. 2009. Heuschrecken (Saltatoria) und Ohrwürmner (Dermaptera) im Immissionsgebiet des Düngemittelwerkes Steudnitz/Thüringen—eine Langzeitstudie (1978–2001). Mauritiana 20 (3): 601–646.

[MB12] Mayoral, J. G., & P. Barranco. 2012. A new genus and species of larval mite (Acari: Prostigmata: Microtrombidiidae) parasitising Orthoptera (Tettigoniidae) from the Sierra Nevada, Spain. Systematic Parasitology 83: 77–84.

[P05] Papapavlou, K. P. 2005. New distributional data on the Orthoptera (Saltatoria) of the northern Dodecanese (“southern Sporadhes”) archipelago, Greece. Graellsia 61 (1): 3–11.

[PP72] Parkin, P., D. T. Parkin, A. W. Ewing & H. A. Ford. 1972. A report on the arthropods collected by the Edinburgh University Galapagos Islands expedition, 1968. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 48 (2): 100–107.

[R91] Rentz, D. C. F. 1991. Orthoptera (grasshoppers, locusts, katydids, crickets). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 369–393. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[R96] Rentz, D. 1996. Grasshopper Country: The abundant orthopteroid insects of Australia. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

[R13] Reuter, O. M. 1913. Lebensgewohnheiten und Instinkte der Insekten bis zum Erwachen der sozialen Instinkte. R. Friedländer & Sohn: Berlin.

[S66] Southcott, R. V. 1966. Revision of the genus Charletonia Oudemans (Acarina: Erythraeidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 14: 687–819.

[V09] Verdcourt, B. (ed.) 2009. Additions to the wild fauna and flora of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. XXVI. Miscellaneous records. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 183–194.

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