Thais

Thais clavigera, copyright R. Tanaka.

Belongs within: Rapaninae.

Thais, dog winkles, is a genus of predatory gastropods found on rocky shores and mangroves. Members of the genus have a very low-spired, basally unconstricted shell with a very broad aperture and an outer lip extended to form a curving channel at the adapical end of the aperture.

<==Thais Röding 1798 BR05
    |–*T. fucus (Gmelin 1791) [=Murex fucus, T. lena Röding 1798] BR17
    |–T. aculeata (Deshayes 1844) WG71
    |–T. ‘alveolata’ (Reeve 1846) [=Purpura alveolata non Kiener 1836] F27b
    |–T. armigera (Link 1807) WG71
    |–T. biserialis (Blainville 1832) S11
    |–T. bitubercularis (Lamarck 1822) [=Purpura bitubercularis] H09
    |–T. bufo Lamarck 1822 WG71
    |–T. carinifera (Lamarck 1822) BD86
    |–T. clavigera ZLK11
    |–T. coronata PB27
    |–T. deltoidea (Lamarck 1822) IZ77
    |–T. echinata (Blainville 1832) WG71 [=Purpura echinata H09]
    |–T. gemmulata (Lamarck 1822) [=Purpura gemmulata] H09
    |–T. haemastoma (Linné 1758) BD12
    |    |–T. h. haemastoma IZ77
    |    `–T. h. floridana (Conrad 1837) IZ77
    |–T. hippocastanea (Linnaeus 1758) [=Murex hippocastanea] H09
    |–T. kieneri Deshayes 1844 WG71
    |–T. lapillus (Linnaeus 1758) W78
    |–T. luteostoma ZLK11
    |–T. melones SF77
    |–‘Nerita’ nodosa Linnaeus 1758 RA75
    |–T. orbita (Gmelin 1791) WMJ09
    |–T. planospira SF77
    |–T. pseudamygdala (Hedley 1903) [=Purpura pseudamygdala] H09
    |–T. rustica (Lamarck 1822) [=Purpura rustica] H09
    |–T. savignyi (Deshayes 1844) BD12
    |–T. scalaris Menke 1829 F27a
    |–T. succincta (Martyn 1784) F27a [=Buccinum succinctum H09]
    `–T. tuberosa (Röding 1798) BW09

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BD12] Bandel, K., & D. T. Dockery III. 2012. Protoconch characters of Late Cretaceous Latrogastropoda (Neogastropoda and Neomesogastropoda) as an aid in the reconstruction of the phylogeny of the Neogastropoda. Freiberger Forschungshefte C542 (psf 20): 93–128.

[BD86] Barash, A., & Z. Danin. 1986. Further additions to the knowledge of Indo-Pacific Mollusca in the Mediterranean Sea (Lessepsian migrants). Spixiana 9 (2): 117–141.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1-2): 1–397.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[IZ77] Ingham, R. E., & J. A. Zischke. 1977. Prey preferences of carnivorous intertidal snails in the Florida Keys. Veliger 20 (1): 49–51.

[PB27] Pilsbry, H. A., & J. Bequaert. 1927. The aquatic mollusks of the Belgian Congo, with a geographical and ecological account of Congo malacology. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 53 (2): 69–602, pls 10–77.

[RA75] Radwin, G. E., & A. D’Attilio. 1975. A catalogue of muricacean generic taxa. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 17 (20): 279–292.

[S11] Simone, L. R. L. 2011. Phylogeny of the Caenogastropoda (Mollusca), based on comparative morphology. Arquivos de Zoologia 42 (4): 161–323.

[SF77] Smith, A. G., & A. J. Ferreira. 1977. Chiton fauna of the Galápagos Islands. Veliger 20 (2): 82–97.

[WMJ09] Wells, F. E., M. Mulligan & D. S. Jones. 2009. Prevention of introduction of species brought into Geraldton Harbour, Western Australia, by the dredge Leonardo da Vinci. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (2): 153–158.

[W78] West, D. L. 1978. Reproductive biology of Colus stimpsoni (Prosobranchia: Buccinidae). I. Male genital system. Veliger 20 (3): 266–273.

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

[ZLK11] Zou, S., Q. Li & L. Kong. 2011. Additional gene data and increased sampling give new insights into the phylogenetic relationships of Neogastropoda, within the caenogastropod phylogenetic framework. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 425–435.

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