Thraupidae

White-winged shrike-tanager Lanio versicolor, copyright Andre Grassi.

Belongs within: Emberizoidea.
Contains: Cyanerpes, Dacnis, RamphocelusLanio‘Tachyphonus’ cristatusOryzoborus, Sporophila, Conirostrum, Sicalis, Diglossa, Catamenia, Poospiza, Thlypopsis, Coereba, Loxigilla, Geospizini, ParoariaSchistochlamys, Tangara, Iridosornis, Anisognathus, Buthraupis.

The Thraupidae, tanagers, are a diverse, mostly Neotropical, group of birds primarily associated by molecular data. In the past, the family has been recognised as an assemblage of mostly brightly coloured, frugivorous or nectarivorous birds; however, more recent phylogenetic analyses have indicated that the clade also includes a number of duller-coloured granivorous forms, while some species previously included in the family have been placed elsewhere.

Thraupidae [Coerebidae, Tanagrinae, Thraupinae, Thraupini]
    |--+--+--CyanerpesJT12
    |  |  `--+--DacnisBKB15
    |  |     `--Tersina Vieillot 1819JT12, B94 [incl. Procnias Temminck 1820 non Illiger 1811B94; Procniatidae, Tersininae]
    |  |          `--T. viridis (Illiger 1811) [=Hirundo viridis]H11
    |  |               |--T. v. viridisH11
    |  |               |--T. v. grisescens (Sclater 1855)H11
    |  |               `--T. v. occidentalis (Sclater 1855)H11 [=Procnias occidentalisSS66b]
    |  `--+--+--Conothraupis Sclater 1880BKB15, H11
    |     |  |    |--C. mesoleuca (Berlioz 1939) [=Rhynchothraupis mesoleuca]H11
    |     |  |    `--C. speculigera (Gould 1855) [=Schistochlamys speculigera]H11
    |     |  `--+--Volatinia Reichenbach 1840BKB15, RJ11
    |     |     |    `--V. jacarina (Linnaeus 1766) [=Tanagra jacarina, Geospiza jacarina]RJ11
    |     |     |         |--V. j. jacarinaRJ11
    |     |     |         |--V. j. peruviensis (Peale 1848)RJ11
    |     |     |         `--V. j. splendens (Vieillot 1817) [incl. V. j. atronitens]RJ11
    |     |     `--+--+--RamphocelusBKB15
    |     |        |  `--Tachyphonus Vieillot 1816BKB15, B94 [Tachyphoninae]
    |     |        |       |--T. phoenicius Swainson 1838JT12, H11
    |     |        |       `--+--T. coronatus (Vieillot 1822)JT12, H11 [=Agelaius coronatusH11]
    |     |        |          `--T. rufus (Boddaert 1783)JT12, H11 [=Tanagra rufaH11]
    |     |        `--+--+--‘Tachyphonus’ delatrii Lafresnaye 1847BKB15, H11
    |     |           |  `--+--LanioBKB15
    |     |           |     `--+--‘Tachyphonus’ surinamus (Linnaeus 1766)BKB15, H11 [=Turdus surinamusH11]
    |     |           |        |    |--T. s. surinamusH11
    |     |           |        |    |--T. s. brevipes Lafresnaye 1846H11
    |     |           |        |    |--T. s. insignis Hellmayr 1906H11
    |     |           |        |    `--T. s. napensis Lawrence 1864H11
    |     |           |        `--+--Trichothraupis Cabanis 1851BKB15, H11
    |     |           |           |    `--T. melanops (Vieillot 1818) [=Muscicapa melanops]H11
    |     |           |           `--Eucometis Sclater 1856JT12, H11
    |     |           |                `--E. penicillata (Spix 1825) [=Tanagra penicillata]H11
    |     |           |                     |--E. p. penicillataH11
    |     |           |                     |--E. p. affinis Berlepsch 1888H11
    |     |           |                     |--E. p. albicollis (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye 1837)H11
    |     |           |                     |--E. p. cristata (du Bus de Gisignies 1855)H11
    |     |           |                     |--E. p. pallida Berlepsch 1888H11
    |     |           |                     |--E. p. spodocephalus (Bonaparte 1853)H11
    |     |           |                     `--E. p. stictothorax Berlepsch 1888H11
    |     |           `--+--Coryphospingus Cabanis 1851BKB15, RJ11
    |     |              |    |--C. cucullatus (Statius Müller 1776) [=Fringilla cucullata]RJ11
    |     |              |    |    |--C. c. cucullataRJ11
    |     |              |    |    |--C. c. fargoi Brodkorb 1938 [incl. C. c. araguira]RJ11
    |     |              |    |    `--C. c. rubescens (Swainson 1825)RJ11
    |     |              |    `--C. pileatus (Wied 1821) [=Fringilla pileata]RJ11
    |     |              |         |--C. p. pileatusRJ11
    |     |              |         |--C. p. brevicaudus Cory 1916RJ11
    |     |              |         `--C. p. rostratus Miller 1947RJ11
    |     |              `--+--Rhodospingus Sharpe 1888JT12, RJ11
    |     |                 |    `--R. cruentus (Lesson 1844) [=Tiaris cruentus]RJ11
    |     |                 `--+--‘Tachyphonus’ cristatusJT12
    |     |                    `--+--‘Tachyphonus’ luctuosus d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye 1837JT12, H11
    |     |                       |    |--T. l. luctuosusH11
    |     |                       |    |--T. l. axillaris (Lawrence 1874)H11
    |     |                       |    |--T. l. flaviventris (Sclater 1856)H11
    |     |                       |    |--T. l. nitidissimus Salvin 1870H11
    |     |                       |    `--T. l. panamensis Todd 1917H11
    |     |                       `--‘Tachyphonus’ rufiventer (Spix 1825)JT12, H11 [=Tanagra rufiventerH11]
    |     `--+--+--OryzoborusBKB15
    |        |  `--SporophilaBKB15
    |        `--+--ConirostrumBKB15
    |           `--+--+--SicalisBKB15
    |              |  `--+--+--Melanodera Bonaparte 1850BKB15, RJ11
    |              |     |  |    `--M. melanodera (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) [=Emberiza melanodera]RJ11
    |              |     |  |         |--M. m. melanoderaRJ11
    |              |     |  |         `--M. m. princetoniana (Scott 1900)RJ11
    |              |     |  `--+--‘Phrygilus’ atriceps (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye 1837)BKB15, RJ11 [=Emberiza atricepsRJ11]
    |              |     |     `--+--‘Phrygilus’ gayi (Gervais 1834)BKB15, RJ11 [=Fringilla gayiRJ11]
    |              |     |        |    |--P. g. gayiRJ11
    |              |     |        |    |--P. g. caniceps Burmeister 1860RJ11
    |              |     |        |    `--P. g. minor Philippi & Goodall 1957RJ11
    |              |     |        `--‘Phrygilus’ patagonicus Lowe 1923BKB15, RJ11 (see below for synonymy)
    |              |     `--+--‘Melanodera’ xanthogramma (Gould & Gray 1839)BKB15, RJ11 [=Chlorospiza xanthogrammaRJ11]
    |              |        |    |--M. x. xanthogrammaRJ11
    |              |        |    `--M. x. barroisi Chapman 1923RJ11
    |              |        `--+--Rowettia Lowe 1923BKB15, RJ11
    |              |           |    `--R. goughensis (Clarke 1904) [=Nesospiza goughensis]RJ11
    |              |           `--Nesospiza Cabanis 1873BKB15, RJ11
    |              |                |--N. acunhae Cabanis 1873RJ11
    |              |                |    |--N. a. acunhaeRJ11
    |              |                |    |--N. a. dunnei Hagen 1952RJ11
    |              |                |    `--N. a. fraseri Ryan 2008RJ11
    |              |                |--N. questi Lowe 1923 [=N. acunhae questi]RJ11
    |              |                `--N. wilkinsi Lowe 1923RJ11
    |              `--+--DiglossaBKB15
    |                 `--+--+--+--‘Phrygilus’ dorsalis Cabanis 1883JT12, RJ11
    |                    |  |  `--Idiopsar Cassin 1867JT12, RJ11
    |                    |  |       `--I. brachyurus Cassin 1867RJ11
    |                    |  `--Xenodacnis Cabanis 1873BKB15, H11
    |                    |       `--X. parina Cabanis 1873H11
    |                    |            |--X. p. parinaH11
    |                    |            |--X. p. bella Bond & Meyer de Schauensee 1939H11
    |                    |            `--X. p. petersi Bond & Meyer de Schauensee 1939H11
    |                    `--+--CatameniaBKB15
    |                       `--+--Haplospiza Cabanis 1851JT12, B94 [Haplospizinae]
    |                          |    |--H. unicolor Cabanis 1851JT12, RJ11
    |                          |    `--+--H. rustica (Tschudi 1844)JT12, RJ11 [=Phrygilus rusticusRJ11]
    |                          |       |    |--H. r. rusticaRJ11
    |                          |       |    |--H. r. arcana (Wetmore & Phelps 1949)RJ11
    |                          |       |    `--H. r. uniformis Sclater & Salvin 1873 [incl. H. r. barrilesensis]RJ11
    |                          |       `--Acanthidops Ridgway 1882JT12, RJ11
    |                          |            `--A. bairdi Ridgway 1882RJ11
    |                          `--+--‘Phrygilus’ plebejus Tschudi 1844BKB15, RJ11
    |                             |    |--P. p. plebejusRJ11
    |                             |    |--P. p. naroskyi Nores & Yzurieta 1983RJ11
    |                             |    `--P. p. ocularis Sclater 1859RJ11
    |                             `--‘Phrygilus’ unicolor (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye 1837)BKB15, RJ11 [=Emberiza unicolorRJ11]
    |                                  |--P. u. unicolorRJ11
    |                                  |--P. u. cyaneus Nores & Yzurieta 1983RJ11
    |                                  |--P. u. geospizopsis (Bonaparte 1853) [incl. P. u. grandis]RJ11
    |                                  |--P. u. inca Zimmer 1929RJ11
    |                                  |--P. u. nivarius (Bangs 1899)RJ11
    |                                  |--P. u. tucumanus Chapman 1925RJ11
    |                                  `--P. u. ultimus Ripley 1950RJ11
    `--+--+--Creurgops Sclater 1858BKB15, H11
       |  |    |--C. dentatus (Sclater & Salvin 1876) [=Malacothraupis dentata]H11
       |  |    `--C. verticalis Sclater 1858H11
       |  `--+--PseudospingusH11
       |     |    |--P. verticalis (Lafresnaye 1840)H11 [=Nemosia verticalisH11, Hemispingus verticalisBKB15]
       |     |    `--P. xanthophthalmus (Taczanowski 1874) [=Dacnis xanthophthalma, Hemispingus xanthophthalmus]H11
       |     |--+--‘Poospiza’ hispaniolensis Bonaparte 1850BKB15, RJ11
       |     |  `--+--‘Poospiza’ nigrorufa (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye 1837)BKB15, RJ11 [=Emberiza nigrorufaRJ11]
       |     |     |    |--P. n. nigrorufaRJ11
       |     |     |    `--P. n. wagneri Stolzmann 1926RJ11
       |     |     |--‘Poospiza’ whitii Sclater 1883JT12, RJ11 [=P. nigrorufa whitiiRJ11]
       |     |     `--+--‘Poospiza’ boliviana Sharpe 1888JT12, RJ11
       |     |        `--‘Poospiza’ ornata (Leybold 1865)JT12, RJ11 [=Phrygilus ornatusRJ11]
       |     `--+--+--Cnemoscopus Bangs & Penard 1919BKB15, H11
       |        |  |    `--C. rubrirostris (Lafresnaye 1840) (see below for synonymy)H11
       |        |  |         |--C. r. rubrirostrisH11
       |        |  |         `--C. r. chrysogaster (Taczanowski 1875)H11
       |        |  `--+--‘Hemispingus’ rufosuperciliaris Blake & Hocking 1974JT12, H11
       |        |     `--Compsospiza Berlepsch 1893BKB15, RJ11
       |        |          |--C. baeri (Oustalet 1904) [=Buarremon baeri, Poospiza baeri]RJ11
       |        |          `--C. garleppi Berlepsch 1893 [=Poospiza garleppi]RJ11
       |        `--+--Hemispingus Cabanis 1851BKB15, H11
       |           |    |  i. s.: H. goeringi (Sclater & Salvin 1871) [=Chlorospingus goeringi]H11
       |           |    |         H. ochraceus (Berlepsch & Taczanowski 1884)JT12, H11 [=Chlorospingus ochraceusH11]
       |           |    |         H. reyi (Berlepsch 1885) [=Chlorospingus reyi]H11
       |           |    |--+--H. atropileus (Lafresnaye 1842)JT12, H11 [=Arremon atropileusH11]
       |           |    |  `--H. auricularis (Cabanis 1873)JT12, H11 [=Chlorospingus (Hemispingus) auricularisH11]
       |           |    `--+--H. calophrys (Scalter & Salvin 1876)JT12, H11 [=Chlorospingus calophrysH11]
       |           |       `--H. parodii Weske & Terborgh 1974JT12, H11
       |           `--+--+--+--PoospizaBKB15
       |              |  |  `--Nephelornis Lowery & Tallman 1976JT12, B94 [Nephelornithinae]
       |              |  |       `--N. oneilli Lowery & Tallman 1976H11
       |              |  `--+--Cypsnagra Lesson 1831JT12, H11
       |              |     |    `--C. hirundinacea (Lesson 1831) [=Tanagra hirundinacea]H11
       |              |     |         |--C. h. hirundinaceaH11
       |              |     |         `--C. h. pallidigula Hellmayr 1907H11
       |              |     `--+--Donacospiza Cabanis 1851JT12, RJ11
       |              |        |    `--D. albifrons (Vieillot 1817) [=Sylvia albifrons]RJ11
       |              |        `--+--Poospizopsis caesar (Sclater & Salvin 1869)RJ11 [=Poospiza caesarBKB15]
       |              |           `--‘Poospiza’ hypocondria (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye 1837)BKB15, RJ11 (see below for synonymy)
       |              |                |--P. h. hypocondriaRJ11
       |              |                `--P. h. affinis Berlepsch 1906RJ11
       |              `--+--ThlypopsisJT12
       |                 `--+--‘Hemispingus’ piurae Chapman 1923JT12, H11
       |                    |    |--H. p. piuraeH11
       |                    |    `--H. p. macrophrys Koepcke 1961H11
       |                    `--+--‘Hemispingus’ frontalis (Tschudi 1844)JT12, H11 [=Hylophilus frontalisH11]
       |                       |    |--H. f. frontalisH11
       |                       |    |--H. f. hanieli Hellmayr & Seilern 1914H11
       |                       |    |--H. f. ignobilis (Sclater 1862)H11
       |                       |    `--H. f. iteratus Chapman 1925H11
       |                       `--‘Hemispingus’ melanotis (Sclater 1855)JT12, H11 [=Chlorospingus melanotisH11]
       |                            |--H. m. melanotisH11
       |                            |--H. m. berlepschi (Taczanowski 1880)H11
       |                            `--H. m. castaneicollis (Sclater 1858)H11
       `--+--+--CoerebaBKB15
          |  `--+--‘Tiaris’ olivaceus (Linnaeus 1766)BKB15, RJ11 [=Emberiza olivaceaRJ11]
          |     |    |--T. o. olivaceus [incl. T. o. coryi]RJ11
          |     |    |--T. o. bryanti (Ridgway 1898)RJ11
          |     |    |--T. o. intermedius (Ridgway 1885)RJ11
          |     |    |--T. o. pusillus Swainson 1827RJ11
          |     |    `--T. o. ravidus Wetmore 1957RJ11
          |     `--+--+--Euneornis Fitzinger 1856BKB15, B94 [incl. Glossiptila Sclater 1857B94; Euneornithinae, Glossiptilinae]
          |        |  |    `--E. campestris (Linnaeus 1758) [=Motacilla campestris]RJ11
          |        |  `--+--LoxigillaBKB15
          |        |     `--Melopyrrha Bonaparte 1853BKB15, RJ11
          |        |          `--M. nigra (Linnaeus 1758) [=Loxia nigra]RJ11
          |        |               |--M. n. nigraRJ11
          |        |               `--M. n. taylori Hartert 1896RJ11
          |        `--+--Loxipasser Bryant 1866BKB15, RJ11
          |           |    `--L. anoxanthus (Gosse 1847) [=Spermophila anoxantha]RJ11
          |           `--+--‘Loxigilla’ noctis (Linnaeus 1766)BKB15, RJ11 [=Fringilla noctisRJ11]
          |              |    |--L. n. noctisRJ11
          |              |    |--L. n. coryi (Ridgway 1898)RJ11
          |              |    |--L. n. crissalis (Ridgway 1898)RJ11
          |              |    |--L. n. desiradensis Danforth 1937RJ11
          |              |    |--L. n. dominicana (Ridgway 1898)RJ11
          |              |    |--L. n. grenadensis (Cory 1892)RJ11
          |              |    |--L. n. ridgwayi (Cory 1892)RJ11
          |              |    `--L. n. sclateri Allen 1880RJ11
          |              `--+--‘Tiaris’ canorus (Gmelin 1789)BKB15, RJ11 [=Loxia canoraRJ11]
          |                 |--+--GeospiziniBKB15
          |                 |  `--Tiaris Swainson 1827BKB15, RJ11
          |                 |       |--T. fuliginosus (Wied 1830) (see below for synonymy)RJ11
          |                 |       `--T. obscurus (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye 1837) [=Emberiza obscura, Sporophila obscura]RJ11
          |                 |            |--T. o. obscurusRJ11
          |                 |            |--T. o. haplochroma (Todd 1912)RJ11
          |                 |            |--T. o. pacificus (Koepcke 1963)RJ11
          |                 |            `--T. o. pauper (Berlepsch & Taczanowski 1884)RJ11
          |                 `--+--‘Amaurospiza’ moesta (Hartlaub 1853)BKB15, RJ11 [=Sporophila moestaRJ11]
          |                    `--+--Melanospiza Ridgway 1897BKB15, RJ11
          |                       |    `--M. richardsoni (Cory 1886) [=Loxigilla richardsoni]RJ11
          |                       `--‘Tiaris’ bicolor (Linnaeus 1766)JT12, RJ11 [=Fringilla bicolorRJ11]
          |                            |--T. b. bicolorRJ11
          |                            |--T. b. grandior (Cory 1887)RJ11
          |                            |--T. b. huilae Miller 1952RJ11
          |                            |--T. b. johnstoni (Lowe 1906)RJ11
          |                            |--T. b. marchii (Baird 1863)RJ11
          |                            |--T. b. omissus Jardine 1847RJ11
          |                            |--T. b. sharpei (Hartert 1893)RJ11
          |                            `--T. b. tortugensis Cory 1909RJ11
          `--+--+--Stephanophorus Strickland 1841BKB15, H11
             |  |    |--*S. caeruleusS41
             |  |    `--S. diadematus (Temminck 1823) [=Tanagra diademata]H11
             |  `--+--+--Gubernatrix Lesson 1837BKB15, RJ11
             |     |  |    `--G. cristata (Vieillot 1817) [=Coccothraustes cristata]RJ11
             |     |  `--+--ParoariaJT12
             |     |     `--+--SchistochlamysJT12
             |     |        `--Cissopis Vieillot 1816JT12, B94 [Cissopinae]
             |     |             |--C. leverianus (Gmelin 1788) [=Lanius leverianus]H11
             |     |             |    |--C. l. leverianusH11
             |     |             |    `--C. l. major Cabanis 1851H11
             |     |             `--C. mediaSS66a
             |     `--+--+--Neothraupis Hellmayr 1936JT12, H11
             |        |  |    `--N. fasciata (Lichtenstein 1823) [=Tanagra fasciata]H11
             |        |  `--Lophospingus (Burmeister 1860)BKB15, RJ11
             |        |       |--L. griseocristatus (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye 1837) [=Emberiza griseocristata]RJ11
             |        |       `--L. pusillus (Burmeister 1860) [=Gubernatrix pusilla]RJ11
             |        `--Diuca Reichenbach 1850BKB15, RJ11
             |             |--D. diuca (Molina 1782) [=Fringilla diuca]RJ11
             |             |    |--D. d. diucaRJ11
             |             |    |--D. d. chiloensis Philippi & Peña 1964RJ11
             |             |    |--D. d. crassirostris Hellmayr 1932RJ11
             |             |    `--D. d. minor Bonaparte 1850RJ11
             |             `--D. speculifera (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye 1837) [=Emberiza speculifera]RJ11
             |                  |--D. s. speculiferaRJ11
             |                  `--D. s. magnirostris Carriker 1935RJ11
             `--+--+--TangaraBKB15
                |  `--Chlorochrysa Bonaparte 1851BKB15, H11
                |       |--C. phoenicotis (Bonaparte 1851)JT12, H11 [=Calliste phoenicotisH11]
                |       `--+--C. calliparaea (Tschudi 1844)JT12, H11 [=Callospiza calliparaeaH11]
                |          |    |--C. c. calliparaeaH11
                |          |    |--C. c. bourcieri (Bonaparte 1851)H11
                |          |    `--C. c. fulgentissima Chapman 1901H11
                |          `--C. nitidissima Sclater 1874JT12, H11
                `--+--+--+--‘Thraupis’ bonariensis (Gmelin 1789)BKB15, H11 [=Loxia bonariensisH11]
                   |  |  |    |--T. b. bonariensisH11
                   |  |  |    |--T. b. composita Zimmer 1944H11
                   |  |  |    |--T. b. darwinii (Bonaparte 1838)H11
                   |  |  |    `--T. b. schulzei Brodkorb 1938H11
                   |  |  `--Pipraeidea Swainson 1827JT12, H11
                   |  |       `--P. melanonota (Vieillot 1819) [=Tanagra melanonota]H11
                   |  |            |--P. melanonotaH11
                   |  |            `--P. m. venezuelensis (Sclater 1857)H11
                   |  `--+--IridosornisJT12
                   |     `--+--Wetmorethraupis Lowery & O’Neill 1964JT12, H11
                   |        |    `--W. sterrhopteron Lowery & O’Neill 1964H11
                   |        `--Bangsia Penard 1919JT12, H11
                   |             |--B. arcaei (Sclater & Salvin 1869)JT12, H11 [=Buthraupis arcaeiH11]
                   |             |    |--B. a. arcaeiH11
                   |             |    `--B. a. caeruleigularis (Ridgway 1893)H11
                   |             `--+--+--B. aureocincta (Hellmayr 1910)JT12, H11 [=Buthraupis aureocinctaH11]
                   |                |  `--B. edwardsi (Elliot 1865)JT12, H11 [=Buthraupis edwardsiH11]
                   |                `--+--B. melanochlamys (Hellmayr 1910)JT12, H11 [=Buthraupis melanochlamysH11]
                   |                   `--B. rothschildi (Berlepsch 1897)JT12, H11 [=Buthraupis rothschildiH11]
                   `--+--Calochaetes Sclater 1879BKB15, H11
                      |    `--C. coccineus (Sclater 1858) [=Euchaetes coccineus]H11
                      `--+--+--AnisognathusBKB15
                         |  `--+--ButhraupisBKB15
                         |     `--‘Thraupis’ cyanocephala (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye 1837)BKB15, H11 [=Aglaia cyanocephalaH11]
                         |          |--T. c. cyanocephalaH11
                         |          |--T. c. annectens Zimmer 1944H11
                         |          |--T. c. auricrissa (Sclater 1856)H11
                         |          |--T. c. buesingi (Hellmayr & Seilern 1913)H11
                         |          |--T. c. hypophaea (Todd 1917)H11
                         |          |--T. c. margaritae (Chapman 1912)H11
                         |          |--T. c. olivicyanea (Lafresnaye 1843)H11
                         |          `--T. c. subcinerea (Sclater 1861)H11
                         `--+--Chlorornis Reichenbach 1850BKB15, H11
                            |    `--C. riefferii (Boissonneau 1840) [=Tanagra riefferii]H11
                            |         |--C. r. riefferiiH11
                            |         |--C. r. bolivianus (Berlepsch 1912)H11
                            |         |--C. r. celatus Zimmer 1947H11
                            |         |--C. r. dilutus Zimmer 1947H11
                            |         `--C. r. elegans (Tschudi 1844)H11
                            `--+--‘Saltator’ rufiventris d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye 1837JT12, OB11
                               `--+--Delothraupis Sclater 1886JT12, H11
                                  |    `--D. castaneoventris (Sclater 1851) (see below for synonymy)H11
                                  `--Dubusia Bonaparte 1850JT12, H11
                                       `--D. taeniata (Boissonneau 1840) [=Tanagra (Tachyphonus) taeniata]H11
                                               |--D. t. taeniataH11
                                               |--D. t. carrikeri Wetmore 1946H11
                                               `--D. t. stictocephala Berlepsch & Stolzmann 1894H11
Thraupidae incertae sedis:
  Compsothraupis Richmond 1915 [incl. Lamprotes Swainson 1837; Lamprotinae]B94
    `--C. loricata (Lichtenstein 1819) [=Tanagra loricata, Sericossypha loricata]H11
  Aglaia Swainson 1827B94
    `--*A. tatao [=Tanagra tatao]B94
  Certhiola luteolaSS66a
  Spodiornis Sclater 1866S66
    `--*S. jardinii Sclater 1866S66
  Orchesticus Cabanis 1851H11
    `--O. abeillei (Lesson 1839) [=Pyrrhula abeillei]H11
  Orthogonys Strickland 1844H11
    `--O. chloricterus (Vieillot 1819) [=Tachyphonus chloricterus]H11
  Cyanicterus Bonaparte 1850H11
    `--C. cyanicterus (Vieillot 1819) [=Pyranga cyanicterus]H11
  Erythrothlypis Berlepsch 1912H11
    `--E. salmoni (Sclater 1886) [=Dacnis salmoni, Chrysothlypis salmoni, Nemosia salmoni]H11

Cnemoscopus rubrirostris (Lafresnaye 1840) [=Arremon rubrirostris, Chlorospingus rubrirostris, Hemispingus rubrirostris]H11

Delothraupis castaneoventris (Sclater 1851) [=Calliste castaneoventris; incl. D. castaneoventris peruviana]H11

‘Phrygilus’ patagonicus Lowe 1923BKB15, RJ11 [=P. gayi patagonicusRJ11; incl. Fringilla formosa (preoc.)RJ11]

‘Poospiza’ hypocondria (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye 1837)BKB15, RJ11 [=Emberiza hypocondriaRJ11, P. hypochondria (l. c.)RJ11]

Tiaris fuliginosus (Wied 1830) [=Fringilla fuliginosa; incl. T. fuliginosus fumosus, T. fuliginosus zuliae]RJ11

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[H11] Hilty, S. L. 2011. Family Thraupidae (tanagers). In: Hoyo, J. del, A. Elliott & D. A. Christie (eds) Handbook of the Birds of the World vol. 16. Tanagers to New World Blackbirds pp. 46–329. Lynx Edicions: Barcelona.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[OB11] Orenstein, R. I., & D. Brewer. 2011. Family Cardinalidae (cardinals). In: Hoyo, J. del, A. Elliott & D. A. Christie (eds) Handbook of the Birds of the World vol. 16. Tanagers to New World Blackbirds pp. 330–427. Lynx Edicions: Barcelona.

[RJ11] Rising, J. D., A. Jaramillo, J. L. Copete, P. G. Ryan & S. C. Madge. 2011. Family Emberizidae (buntings and New World sparrows). In: Hoyo, J. del, A. Elliott & D. A. Christie (eds) Handbook of the Birds of the World vol. 16. Tanagers to New World Blackbirds pp. 428–683. Lynx Edicions: Barcelona.

[S66] Sclater, P. L. 1866. Descriptions of six new species of American Oscines. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 320–324.

[SS66a] Sclater, P. L., & O. Salvin. 1866a. Catalogue of birds collected by Mr. E. Bartlett on the River Uyacali, Eastern Peru, with notes and descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 175–201.

[SS66b] Sclater, P. L., & O. Salvin. 1866b. On some additions to the catalogue of birds collected by Mr. E. Bartlett on the River Ucayali. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 566–567.

[S41] Strickland, H. 1841. On some new genera of birds. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 9: 27–33.

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