Thylechinus

Apical view of female Thylechinus said, from the Natural History Museum.

Belongs within: Phymosomatoida.

Thylechinus is a genus of echinoids known from the Upper Cretaceous to the Oligocene of Eurasia, northern Africa and South America (Fell & Pawson 1966).

Characters (from Fell & Pawson 1966): Test hemispherical, of moderate size. Ambulacral plates trigeminate. Apical system dicyclic, oculars usually widely exsert. Female (of type species) with sunken aboral marsupia in interambulacrals.

<==Thylechinus Pomel 1883 [incl. Cenchritechinus Lambert 1911, Terina Agassiz 1838 (n. n.)]FP66
    |  i. s.: T. pusillus (Münster 1826)SG93
    |         T. sethuramae Vredenburg 1922SG93
    |--T. (Thylechinus)FP66
    |    |--T. (*T.) said (Peron & Gauthier 1881) [=Cyphosoma said]FP66
    |    `--T. (T.) aubliniFP66
    |--T. (Mistechinus de Loriol 1897) [incl. Egyptechinus Lambert 1936]FP66
    |    |--T. (*M.) mayeri (de Loriol 1897) [=*Mistechinus mayeri]FP66
    |    `--*Egyptechinus’ cuvillieri Lambert 1936FP66
    |--T. (Orthechinus Gauthier 1889)FP66
    |    `--T. (*O.) tunetanus (Gauthier 1889) [=*Orthechinus tunetanus]FP66
    `--T. (Orthocyphus Arnaud 1896)FP66
         `--T. (*O.) pulchellus [=Cyphosoma pulchellus]FP66

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[FP66] Fell, H. B., & D. L. Pawson. 1966. Echinacea. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt U. Echinodermata 3 vol. 2 pp. U367–U440. The Geological Society of America, Inc., and The University of Kansas Press.

[SG93] Simms, M. J., A. S. Gale, P. Gilliland, E. P. F. Rose & G. D. Sevastopulo. 1993. Echinodermata. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 491–528. Chapman & Hall: London.

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