Thyrisomidae

 Banksinoma spinifera, photographed by Monica Young.

Belongs within: Brachypylina.

Banksinoma is a genus of oribatid mites found in Eurasia and the Americas, characterised by strongly convergent costulae on the prodorsum. The most widespread species, B. lanceolata, is found over the greater part of the Holarctic region as well as in Hawaii. Banksinoma setosa is found in northeastern Asia (Siberia) and in Canada. Banksinoma spinifera is found from eastern Canada to Argentina (Subías 2004).

ThyrisomidaeNB-P09
|--Banksinoma Oudemans 1930SC19, S04 [incl. Thyrisoma Grandjean 1953S04; Banksinomidae]
| |--B. lanceolata (Michael 1885)S04 (see below for synonymy)
| | |--B. l. lanceolata (see below for synonymy)S04
| | |--B. l. bifurcata (Jacot 1938) [=Oribella bifurcata]S04
| | |--B. l. canadensis Fujikawa 1979S04
| | |--B. l. lunare (Hull 1914)S04 [=Dameosoma lanceolatum lunareS04, Autogneta lanceolata lunarisL87]
| | `--B. l. oudemansi Fujikawa 1979 [incl. Notaspis lanceolata Oudemans 1930 non Michael 1885, *B. lanceolata]S04
| |--B. akhtyamovi Rjabinin 1993S04
| |--B. arcuatum (Hammer 1958) [=Oribella arcuata]S04
| |--B. borealis (Willmann 1943) [=Oribella borealis]S04
| |--B. castanea (Hermann 1804)S04 [=Notaspis castaneaS04, Oribella castaneaS62]
| |--B. cincta Zhao & Wen 1993S04
| |--B. exobothridialis Bayartogtokh 1997S04
| |--B. insignis Balogh & Mahunka 1965S04
| |--B. japonica Fujikawa 1979S04
| |--B. longisetosa Bayartogtokh & Aoki 1998S04
| |--B. monoceros (Balogh & Mahunka 1968) [=Oribella spinifera monoceros]S04
| |--B. ovata (Wallwork 1962) [=Thyrisoma ovatum]S04
| |--B. pretiosa Tseng 1982S04
| |--B. setosa Rjabinin 1974S04
| |--B. sinica Wen 1990S04
| |--B. spinifera (Hammer 1952) [=Oribella spinifera]S04
| | |--B. s. spiniferaS04
| | `--B. s. fissurata (Hammer 1952) [=Oribella spinifera fissurata]S04
| `--B. watanabei Aoki 2002S04
`--Gemmazetes Fujikawa 1979NB-P09, S04
|--*G. crosbyi (Berlese 1908)BB92, S04 [=Oribella crosbyiS04, Oribellopsis crosbyiS04]
| |--G. c. crosbyiS04
| `--‘Oribellopsis’ c. maoershanensis Wen 1992S04
|--G. alpestrisB80
`--G. forsslundiB80

Banksinoma lanceolata (Michael 1885)S04 [=Notaspis lanceolataS04, Autogneta lanceolataL87, Dameosoma lanceolatumM98, *Thyrisoma lanceolataB61]

Banksinoma lanceolata lanceolata (Michael 1885) [incl. Zetes dorsatus Koch 1841 (n. d.), Z. flavipes Koch 1841 (n. d.), Banksinoma lanceolata islandica Fujikawa 1979]S04

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B61] Balogh, J. 1961. Identification keys of world oribatid (Acari) families and genera. Acta Zoologica Hungarica 1: 243–344.

[BB92] Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 1. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[B80] Bernini, F. 1980. Notulae oribatologicae XXIV. Gli Acari Oribatei di alcune piccole grotte del Senese. Redia 63: 359–405.

[L87] Luxton, M. 1987. The oribatid mites (Acari: Cryptostigmata) of J. E. Hull. Journal of Natural History 21: 1273–1291.

[M98] Michael, A. D. 1898. Oribatidae. In: H. Lohmann (ed.) Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen vol. 3. Acarina pp. 1–93. R. Friedländer und Sohn: Berlin.

[NB-P09] Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[SC19] Schaefer, I., & T. Caruso. 2019. Oribatid mites show that soil food web complexity and close aboveground-belowground linkages emerged in the early Paleozoic. Communications Biology 2: 387.

[S62] Seyd, E. L. 1962. The moss mites of Kinder Scout, Derbyshire (Acari: Oribatei). Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 44 (300): 585–591.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

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