Tilapia

Banded tilapia Tilapia sparrmanii, copyright Alexandra Tyers.

Belongs within: Pseudocrenilabrinae.

Tilapia is a genus of cichlid fishes, found in southern Africa, in which the articulation of the base of the skull with the upper pharyngeal bones is formed from the parasphenoid alone.

Tilapia
    |–*T. sparrmanii B06
    |–T. bemini G96
    |–T. boops Boulenger 1901 B01
    |–T. brevimanus Boulenger 1911 B06
    |–T. busumana (Guenther 1913) B06
    |–T. buttikoferi (Hubrecht 1881) B06
    |–T. bythobates Stiassny, Schliewen & Dominey 1992 B06
    |–T. deckerti Thys van den Audenaerde 1967 B06
    |–T. discolor B06
    |–T. esculenta G74
    |–T. grahami CS77
    |–T. guineensis (Bleeker 1862) B06
    |–T. joka Thys van den Audenaerde 1969 B06
    |–T. karongae M47
    |–T. leucosticta B96
    |–T. lidole M47
    |–T. macrochir B96
    |–T. mariae Boulenger 1899 B06
    |–T. melanopleura B96
    |–T. natalensis BHN02
    |–T. pleurotaenia Boulenger 1901 B01
    |–T. rendalli (Boulenger 1897) C01
    |–T. snyderae B06
    |–T. spilurus W73
    |–T. trematocephala Boulenger 1901 B01
    |–T. variabilis G74
    `–T. zilli (Gervais 1848) C01 [=Oreochromis zilli B96, Sarotherodon zilli B96]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BHN02] Beeching, S. C., B. A. Holt & M. P. Neiderer. 2002. Ontogeny of melanistic color pattern elements in the convict cichlid, Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum. Copeia 2002 (1): 199–203.

[B96] Bond, C. E. 1996. Biology of Fishes 2nd ed. Saunders College Publishing: Fort Worth.

[B06] Boruchowitz, D. E. 2006. Guide to Cichlids. T.F.H. Publications: Neptune City (New Jersey).

[B01] Boulenger, G. A. 1901. Diagnoses of new fishes discovered by Mr. J. E. S. Moore in Lakes Tanganyika and Kivu. II. Cichlidae, Mastacembelidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 1–6.

[C01] Carpenter, K. E. 2001. Cichlidae. Cichlids. In: Carpenter, K. E., & V. H. Niem (eds) FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific vol. 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae) pp. 3333–3336. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Rome.

[CS77] Cramp, S., & K. E. L. Simmons (eds) 1977. Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: The Birds of the Western Palaearctic vol. 1. Ostrich to Ducks. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[G96] Gibbons, A. 1996. On the many origins of species. Science 273: 1496–1499.

[G74] Greenwood, P. H. 1974. The cichlid fishes of Lake Vistoria, East Africa: The biology and evolution of a species flock. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History): Zoology Suppl. 6: 1–134.

[M47] Mayr, E. 1947. Ecological factors in speciation. Evolution 1: 263–288.

[W73] Woodruff, D. S. 1973. Natural hybridization and hybrid zones. Systematic Zoology 22 (3): 213–218.

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