Trichosphaeriaceae

 Trichosphaeria notabilis on Clematis vitalba, from Mycologues Associes.

Belongs within: Diaporthomycetidae.

The Trichosphaeriaceae are a family of saprobic fungi most commonly found on wood and bark (Cannon & Kirk 2007).

Characters (from Cannon & Kirk 2007): Stromata absent, or reduced to a hyphal subiculum. Ascomata perithecial, superficial, often aggregated, ± globose, black, often thick-walled, usually setose, the ostiole papillate, periphysate; peridium composed of thick-walled angular cells, sometimes larger and more strongly pigmented towards the apex. Interascal tissue of narrow, persistent, thin-walled, true paraphyses formed from a basal meristem. Asci cylindrical, persistent, thin-walled, not fissitunicate, usually with a small J- apical ring. Ascospores variously shaped, hyaline to versicoloured, usually septate and rarely muriform, sometimes fragmenting at the septa, without germ pores, sometimes with a sheath. Anamorphs varied, hyphomycetous, with simple pigmented conidiophores and often with complex conidia.

Trichosphaeriaceae
|--Acanthosphaeria Kirschst. 1939KC01
|--Collematospora Jeng & Cain 1976EB03, KC01
|--Crassochaeta Réblová 1999KC01
|--Cresporhaphis Aguirre 1991KC01
|--Eriosphaeria Sacc. 1875 (see below for synonymy)KC01
|--Fluviostroma Samuels & Müll. 1980EB03, KC01 (see below for synonymy)
|--Kananascus Nag Raj 1984EB03, KC01 [incl. Koorchaloma Subram. 1953KC01]
|--Miyoshiella Kawam. 1929EB03, KC01 [=Miyoshia Kawam. 1907 non Makino 1903KC01]
|--Rhynchomeliola Speg. 1884EB03, KC01 [incl. Ceratostomina Hansf. 1946KC01]
|--Rizalia Syd. & Syd. 1914EB03, KC01 (see below for synonymy)
|--Schweinitziella Speg. 1888EB03, KC01 (see below for synonymy)
|--Setocampanula Sivan. & Hsieh 1989KC01
|--Trichosphaeria Fuckel 1870 [incl. Bakeromyces Syd. & Syd. 1917]KC01
|--Cryptadelphia groenendalensisHM17
|--Coniobrevicolla Réblová 1999KC01
| `--C. larseniiE99
`--Neorehmia von Höhnel 1902EB03, RS99 (see below for synonymy)
|--*N. ceratophora von Höhnel 1902 (see below for synonymy)RS99
`--N. arecae [=Oplothecium arecae, Trichosphaerella arecae]RS99

Eriosphaeria Sacc. 1875 [=Penzigina Kuntze 1891; incl. Cantharosphaeria Thaxt. 1920, Eriosphaerella Höhn. 1906, Malacosphaeria Syd. 1924]KC01

Fluviostroma Samuels & Müll. 1980EB03, KC01 [incl. Stromatographium Höhn. 1907KC01, Stromatostilbella Samuels & Müll. 1980KC01]

Neorehmia von Höhnel 1902EB03, RS99 [incl. Larseniella Munk 1942RS99, Oplotheciopsis Bat. & Cif. 1963KC01, Oplothecium Syd. 1923KC01]

*Neorehmia ceratophora von Höhnel 1902 [=Trichosphaerella ceratophora (von Höhnel) Müller in Müller & von Arx 1962; incl. *Larseniella globulispora Munk 1942]RS99

Rizalia Syd. & Syd. 1914EB03, KC01 [incl. Chaetodimerina Hansf. 1946KC01, Doratospora Mend. 1930KC01, Parascorias Mend. 1930KC01, Rizaliopsis Bat., Castr. et al. 1964KC01]

Schweinitziella Speg. 1888EB03, KC01 [incl. Ophiotexis Theiss. 1916KC01, Paracesatiella Petr. 1929KC01, Saccardomyces Henn. 1904KC01]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[E99] Eriksson, O. E. (ed.) 1999. Notes on ascomycete systematics. Nos 2440–2755. Myconet 2: 1–41.

[EB03] Eriksson, O. E., H. O. Barah, R. S. Currah, K. Hansen, C. P. Kurtzman, G. Rambold & T. Laessøe (eds.) 2003. Outline of Ascomycota—2003. Myconet 9: 1–89.

[HM17] Hongsanan, S., S. S. N. Maharachchikumbura, K. D. Hyde, M. C. Samarakoon, R. Jeewon, Q. Zhao, A. M. Al-Sadi & A. H. Bahkali. 2017. An updated phylogeny of Sordariomycetes based on phylogenetic and molecular clock evidence. Fungal Diversity 84: 25–41.

[KC01] Kirk, P. M., P. F. Cannon, J. C. David & J. A. Stalpers. 2001. Ainsworth & Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi 9th ed. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[RS99] Rossman, A. Y., G. J. Samuels, C. T. Rogerson & R. Lowen. 1999. Genera of Bionectriaceae, Hypocreaceae and Nectriaceae (Hypocreales, Ascomycetes). Studies in Mycology 42: 1–248.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *