Piper gurnard Trigla lyra, from Bloch (1785–1797).

Belongs within: Triglimorpha.

The Triglidae, sea robins, are slender marine fishes with a broad head encased in bony plates and large pectoral fins (Klein-MacPhee & McBride 2002).

Characters (from Klein-MacPhee & McBride 2002): Head broad, encased in bony plates, mouth small, snout dorsally depressed; body slender; pectoral fins large, fan-like, with three modified rays; separate spiny and soft-rayed dorsal fins; pelvic fins large, located under pectorals.

Triglidae [Triglinae]
|--Pterygotrigla hemistictaND13
|--Trigloporus lastovizaLM13
|--Triglidarum cor (Koken 1888)P93
| |--C. kumuG75
| `--C. lucernus (Linnaeus 1758)LD09
| |--L. cadenati Steurbaut 1984P93
| |--L. calodactylaG75
| |--L. eydouxi Sauvage 1878JR10
| `--L. spinosaSC07
|--Prionotus Lacépède 1801M14
| |--P. alatusHC79
| |--P. carolinus (Linnaeus 1771)K-MM02
| |--P. evolans (Linné 1766)K-MM02
| `--P. salmonicolorHC79
`--Trigla Linnaeus 1758L58
|--T. asiatica Linnaeus 1758L58
|--T. cataphracta Linnaeus 1758L58
|--T. coraxD56
|--T. cuculus Linnaeus 1758L58 [incl. T. piniP61]
|--T. gurnardus Linnaeus 1758L58
|--T. lineataP61
|--T. lucerna Linnaeus 1758L58 [incl. T. hirundo Linnaeus 1758P61, L58]
|--T. lyra Linnaeus 1758L58
`--T. volitans Linnaeus 1758L58

*Type species of generic name indicated


[D56] Dawes, B. 1956. The Trematoda with special reference to British and other European forms. University Press: Cambridge.

[G75] Grant, E. M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. The Co-ordinator-General’s Department: Brisbane (Australia).

[HC79] Huff, J. A., & S. P. Cobb. 1979. Penaeoid and sergestoid shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda). Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises 5 (4): 1–101.

[JR10] Jordan, D. S., & R. E. Richardson. 1910. Check-list of the species of fishes known from the Philippine archipelago. Bureau of Printing: Manila.

[K-MM02] Klein-MacPhee, G., & R. S. McBride. 2002. Sea robins. Family Triglidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 338–345. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[LM13] Lautredou, A.-C., H. Motomura, C. Gallut, C. Ozouf-Costaz, C. Cruaud, G. Lecointre & A. Dettai. 2013. New nuclear markers and exploration of the relationships among Serraniformes (Acanthomorpha, Teleostei): the importance of working at multiple scales. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67: 140–155.

[LD09] Li, B., A. Dettaï, C. Cruaud, A. Couloux, M. Desoutter-Meniger & G. Lecointre. 2009. RNF213, a new nuclear marker for acanthomorph phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 50: 345–363.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[M14] Maletz, J. 2014. The classification of the Pterobranchia (Cephalodiscida and Graptolithina). Bulletin of Geosciences 89 (3): 477–540.

[ND13] Near, T. J., A. Dornburg, R. I. Eytan, B. P. Keck, W. L. Smith, K. L. Kuhn, J. A. Moore, S. A. Price, F. T. Burbrink, M. Friedman & P. C. Wainwright. 2013. Phylogeny and tempo of diversification in the superradiation of spiny-rayed fishes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 110 (31): 12738–12743.

[P93] Patterson, C. 1993. Osteichthyes: Teleostei. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 621–656. Chapman & Hall: London.

[P61] Price, E. W. 1961. North American monogenetic trematodes IX. The families Mazocraeidae and Plectanocotylidae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 74: 127–156.

[SC07] Smith, W. L., & M. T. Craig. 2007. Casting the percomorph net widely: the importance of broad taxonomic sampling in the search for the placement of serranid and percid fishes. Copeia 2007 (1): 35–55.

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