Triphoroidea

Seila adamsi, copyright Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History.

Belongs within: Littorinina.
Contains: Aliptinae, Cerithiopsis, Notosinister, Triphorinae.

The Triphoroidea are a group of small, high-spired marine gastropods that are specialist predators of sponges, feeding by means of an elongated proboscis. Teleoconch sculpture is dominated by spiral cords, often with axial costae forming nodules at their intersections. Members of the family Triphoridae are most commonly sinistral whereas other families are dextral. Newtoniellidae are most commonly found in deep waters whereas Cerithiopsidae and Triphoridae are most diverse on the continental shelf.

Triphoroidea BR05
    |–Berendinella Guzhov 2005 [Berendinellidae] BR17
    |    `–*B. rossica Guzhov 2005 BR17
    |–Cerithiopsidae [Cerithiopsoidea] PC08
    |    |  i. s.: Notoseila Finlay 1926 DK08
    |    |           |–*N. terebelloides (Hutton 1873) P61 [=Cerithium terebelloides P61, Seila terebelloides F27a]
    |    |           |–N. albosutura [=Seila albosutura] F27a
    |    |           `–N. attenuissima (Marshall & Murdoch 1920) [=Seila attenuissima] F27a
    |    |         Horologica cubensis Rolán & Espinosa 1992 BC01
    |    |–Aliptinae BR05
    |    |–Seila Adams 1861 [Seilidae, Seilinae] BR05
    |    |    |–*S. dextroversa (Adams 1861) BR17 [=Triphoris dextroversus BR17, Cerithiopsis dextroversa O27]
    |    |    |–S. adamsi (Lea 1845) B91
    |    |    |–S. angolensis Rolán & Fernandes 1990 BC01
    |    |    |–S. carquejai Rolán & Fernandes 1990 BC01
    |    |    |–S. clavulus (Lea 1843) P12
    |    |    |–S. meeki B91
    |    |    |–S. montereyensis Bartsch 1907 O27
    |    |    `–S. pulmoensis DuShane & Draper 1975 BC01
    |    `–Cerithiopsinae BR05
    |         |–Cerithiopsis BR05
    |         |–Prolixodens Marshall 1978 [Prolixodentinae] BR05
    |         |    `–*P. infracolor (Laseron 1951) [=Cerithiopsis infracolor] BR17
    |         |–Synthopsis Laseron 1956 [Synthopsinae] BR05
    |         |    `–*S. cylindrica Laseron 1956 BR17
    |         `–Joculator Hedley 1909 [Joculatorinae] BR05
    |              |–*J. ridiculus (Watson 1886) P61, H09 [=Cerithiopsis ridicula P61]
    |              |–J. caelatus Powell 1930 P61
    |              |–J. cessicus [=Cerithidea cessicus] F27a
    |              `–J. dirempus (Odhner 1924) P61 [=Cerithiopsis dirempta F27a]
    |–Newtoniellidae BR05
    |    |–Adelacerithium Ludbrook 1941 [Adelacerithiinae] BR05
    |    |    `–*A. merultum Ludbrook 1941 BR17
    |    |–Laeocochlis Dunker & Metzger 1874 [=Laiocochlis; Laeocochlidinae, Laiocochliinae] BR05
    |    |    |–*L. pommeraniae Dunker & Metzger 1874 BR17
    |    |    `–‘Triforis’ mcandrei Adams 1856 (see below for synonymy) N79
    |    |–Newtoniellinae [Cerithiellidae, Cerithiellinae] BR05
    |    |    |–Trituba Jousseaume 1884 BR05
    |    |    `–Lovenella Sars 1878 [=Cerithiella Verrill 1882, Newtoniella Cossmann 1893] BR17
    |    |         `–*L. metula (Lovén 1846) [=Cerithium metula, *Cerithiella metula, *Newtoniella metula] BR17
    |    |–Ataxocerithium Tate 1894 [Ataxocerithiinae] BR05
    |    |    |  i. s.: A. brazieri Cossmann 1906 F27b (see below for synonymy)
    |    |    |–A. tricingulatum Marwick 1924 F27a
    |    |    |–+–*A. serotinum (Adams 1855) F27a, H09 [=Cerithium serotinum F27a]
    |    |    |  `–A. concatenatum F27a
    |    |    `–+–A. pyramidale Finlay 1924 [incl. A. nodicingulatum] F27a
    |    |       `–+–A. huttoni (Cossmann 1895) [incl. Cerithium invaricosum] F27a
    |    |          `–A. robustum Finlay 1924 [=A. pyramidale var. robustum; incl. A. quadricingulatum] F27a
    |    `–Eumetulinae [Eumetulidae] BR05
    |         |–Eumeta Mörch 1868 BR17 [=Laskeya Iredale 1918 BR05; Laskeyinae]
    |         |    `–*E. arctica (Mörch 1857) [=Cerithium arcticum, *Laskeya arctica] BR17
    |         |–Vatopsis Gründel 1980 G01
    |         |    `–V. antiquus Gründel 2001 G01
    |         |–Prisciphora Schröder 1992 BR17, BR05 [=Prisciophora (l. c.) BR05; Prisciophoridae, Prisciphoridae]
    |         |    `–*P. beyschlagi (Wollemann 1903) [=Cerithium beyschlagi] BR17
    |         `–Eumetula Thiele 1912 BR05
    |              |–*E. dilecta (Thiele 1912) [=Eumeta dilecta] BR17
    |              `–E. macquariensis Tomlin 1948 P61
    `–Triphoridae [Rhinioglossa, Triforidae, Triphorina] PC08
         |  i. s.: Notosinister P61
         |         Aclophora sagei Rolán & Fernández-Garcés 1995 BC01
         |         Cheirodonta BC01
         |           |–C. apexcrassum Rolán & Fernández-Garcés 1994 BC01
         |           `–C. decollate Rolán & Fernández-Garcés 1994 BC01
         |         Isotriphora taenialba Rolán & Espinosa 1994 BC01
         |         Marshallora BC01
         |           |–M. bubistae Fernandes & Rolán 1988 BC01
         |           |–M. gutta Fernandes & Rolán 1988 BC01
         |           |–M. mariangelae Fernandes & Rolán 1988 BC01
         |           `–M. nichupte Rolán & Crúz-Ábrego 1995 BC01
         |         Monophorus Deshayes 1877 BC01, M52
         |           |–M. ateralbus Rolán & Fernández-Garcés 1994 BC01
         |           |–M. fascelina HS01
         |           `–M. verdensis Fernandes & Rolán 1988 BC01
         |         Orthochetus hantoniensis Abbass 1973 TTE93
         |         Issina issina Jousseaume 1898 M01
         |–Triphorinae BR05
         |–Iniforis Jousseaume 1884 [Iniforinae] BR05
         |    |–*I. malvaceus Jousseaume 1884 BR17
         |    |–I. carmelae Rolán & Fernández-Garcés 1993 BC01
         |    |–I. immaculata Rolán & Fernández-Garcés 1993 BC01
         |    `–I. pseudothomae Rolán & Fernández-Garcés 1993 BC01
         `–Metaxia Monterosato 1884 [Metaxiinae] BR05
              |–*M. metaxa (Delle Chiaje 1828) [=Murex metaxa] BR17
              |–M. diadema Bartsch 1907 O27
              |–M. espinosai Rolán & Fernández-Garcés 1992 BC01
              |–M. incerta Fernandes & Rolán 1988 BC01
              `–M. rugulosa (Adams 1850) BR17 [=Cerithium rugulosum BR17, Cerithiopsis rugulosa O27]

Ataxocerithium brazieri Cossmann 1906 F27b [=Cerithium abbreviatum Brazier 1877 non Leckenby 1858 F27b, A. abbreviatum H09]

‘Triforis’ mcandrei Adams 1856 [incl. Cerithium granosum Wood 1848 non Kiener 1842, Laeocochlis granosa, Triforis nivea Sars 1858] N79

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B91] Bandel, K. 1991. Über triassische “Loxonematoidea” und ihre Beziehungen zu rezenten und paläozoischen Schnecken. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 65 (3–4): 239–268.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[DK08] Darragh, T. A., & G. W. Kendrick. 2008. Silicified Eocene molluscs from the Lower Murchison district, Southern Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24 (3): 217–246.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[G01] Gründel, J. 2001. Neritimorpha und weitere Caenogastropoda (Gastropoda) aus dem Dogger Norddeutschlands und des nordwestlichen Polens. Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, Reihe E 36: 45–99.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45–80.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[M01] Melville, J. C. 1901. A few further remarks upon the Erythrean molluscan fauna, with descriptions of seven species from Aden, in the collection of Commander E. R. Shopland, R.I.M. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 550–556.

[M52] Mittleman, M. B. 1952. A generic synopsis of the lizards of the subfamily Lygosominae. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 117 (17): 1–35.

[N79] Norman, A. M. 1879. The Mollusca of the fiords near Bergen, Norway. Journal of Conchology 2: 8–77.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. 2 pt 2. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[P12] Petuch, E. J. 2012. Miocene asteroid impacts: proposed effects on the biogeography and extinction patterns of eastern North American gastropods. In: Talent, J. A. (ed.) Earth and Life: Global biodiversity, extinction intervals and biogeographic perturbations through time pp. 967–981. Springer.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[TTE93] Tracey, S., J. A. Todd & D. H. Erwin. 1993. Mollusca: Gastropoda. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 131–167. Chapman & Hall: London.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *