Triturus

Marbled newt Triturus marmoratus, copyright John P. Clare.

Belongs within: Pleurodelinae.

Triturus is a western Palaearctic genus of relatively large newts, included the crested and marbled newt species groups.

Characters (from Rage & Bailon 2005): Vertebrae opisthocoelous; condyle round, not separated from the centrum by a marked constriction; centrum without vertical ventral crests; ventral crests that connect the centrum to the ventral rib-bearers developed; dorsal and ventral rib-bearers markedly separated and united by a bony lamina; neural arch vaulted; neural spine well developed.

<==Triturus Rafinesque 1815 [incl. Geotriton Bonaparte 1832; Geotritonidae]FG06
| i. s.: T. boscai (Lataste 1879)W08
| T. italicus (Peracca 1898)W08
| T. montandoniK08
| T. wolterstorffi (Boulenger 1905) [=Molge wolterstorffi, Cynops wolterstorffi, Hypselotriton wolterstorffi]L50
|--T. (Triturus) [incl. Neotriton Bolkay 1928]RB05
| |--+--T. (T.) marmoratus (Latreille 1800)PW11, RB05
| | `--T. (T.) pygmaeus (Wolterstorff 1905)PW11, RB05 [=T. marmoratus pygmaeusW08]
| `--+--T. (T.) dobrogicus (Kiritzescu 1903)PW11, W08
| `--+--T. (T.) carnifex (Laurent 1768)PW11, W08 [=T. cristatus carnifexK08]
| `--+--T. (T.) cristatus (Laurenti 1768)PW11, W08 [=Triton cristatusK08]
| | |--T. c. cristatusK08
| | `--T. c. danubialisK08
| `--T. (T.) karelinii (Strauch 1870)PW11, W08
`--T. (Palaeotriton) helveticus (Razoumowsky 1789)RB05

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[FG06] Frost, D. R., T. Grant, J. Faivovich, R. H. Bain, A. Haas, C. F. B. Haddad, R. O. de Sá, A. Channing, M. Wilkinson, S. C. Donnellan, C. J. Raxworthy, J. A. Campbell, B. L. Blotto, P. Moler, R. C. Drewes, R. A. Nussbaum, J. D. Lynch, D. M. Green & W. C. Wheeler. 2006. The amphibian tree of life. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 297: 1–370.

[K08] Korsós, Z. 2008. History of the Herpetological Collection of the Hungarian Natural History Museum. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 100: 37–93.

[L50] Liu, C.-C. 1950. Amphibians of western China. Fieldiana: Zoology Memoirs 2: 1–400.

[PW11] Pyron, R. A., & J. J. Wiens. 2011. A large-scale phylogeny of Amphibia including over 2800 species, and a revised classification of extant frogs, salamanders, and caecilians. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 543–583.

[RB05] Rage, J.-C., & S. Bailon. 2005. Amphibians and squamate reptiles from the late early Miocene (MN 4) of Béon 1 (Montréal-du-Gers, southwestern France). Geodiversitas 27 (3): 413–441.

[W08] Warburg, M. R. 2008. Temporal variations in body dimensions followed for 25 years in a breeding population of adult salamanders, with a partial review on other Urodela (Amphibia, Urodela, Salamandridae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 88 (1): 81–101.

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