Trochidae

Zediloma digna, copyright Auckland War Memorial Museum.

Belongs within: Vetigastropoda.
Contains: Cantharidus, Gibbula, Micrelenchus, Fossarina, Monodonta, Diloma, Umboniinae, Halistylinae, Trochinae, Stomatellinae.

Zediloma is a New Zealand genus of trochids with a subglobose to conical, spirally sculpted shell.

<==Trochidae [Trochinia]BR05
|--+--UmboniinaeH96
| `--HalistylinaeH96
`--+--TrochinaeH96
`--StomatellinaeH96

Trochidae incertae sedis:
Cirsostylus Cossmann 1918TE01, KC60
`--*C. glandulus (Laube 1868) [=Trochus glandulus]TE01
Kittlitrochus Cossmann 1909 [=Paratrochus Kittl 1899 non Pilsbry 1893, Paratrochoides Tomlin 1929]KC60
`--*K. marginenodosus (Böhm 1895) (see below for synonymy)KC60
Trochodon Seeley 1861KC60
`--*T. cancellatus (Seeley 1861) [=Trochus (*Trochodon) cancellatus]KC60
Alcyna Adams 1860W93 [AlcyninaeBR17]
|--*A. ocellata Adams 1860 [=Thalotia (*Alcyna) ocellata]KC60
|--A. acia Cotton 1948W93
|--A. australis Hedley 1907H09
|--A. rubra Pease 1861 [=Phasianella rubra]K65
`--A. subangulata Pease 1861K65
Cantharidinae [Cantharididae, Cantharidini, Canthiridina, Gibbulinae, Gibbulini]BR17
|--CantharidusBR05
|--GibbulaBR17
|--MicrelenchusKC60
|--Pagodatrochus Herbert 1989 [Pagodatrochidae]BR17
| `--*P. variabilis (Adams 1853) [=Minolia variabilis]BR17
|--Nanula Thiele 1921W93
| |--*N. tasmanica (Petterd 1879)KC60 [=Gibbula tasmanicaKC60, Margarita tasmanicaF26]
| |--N. flindersi Cotton & Godfrey 1935W93
| `--N. galbina (Hedley & May 1908)W93
|--Notogibbula Iredale 1924W93
| |--N. bicarinata (Adams 1854)KC60 (see below for synonymy)
| |--N. lehmanni (Menke 1843)W93
| `--N. preissiana (Philippi 1848)W93
|--Eurytrochus Fischer 1880W93
| |--*E. danieli (Crosse 1862) [=Clanculus danieli, Gibbula (*Eurytrochus) danieli]KC60
| |--E. concinnus (Dunker 1889)W93
| |--E. macculochi (Hedley 1907)W93
| |--E. strangei (Adams 1853)W93
| `--E. townsendi (Sowerby 1895)W93
|--Clelandella Winckworth 1932W93
| |--C. azorica Gofas 2005F05
| |--C. dautzenbergeri Gofas 2005F05
| |--C. infuscata (Gould 1861) [=Ziziphinus infuscatus, Cantharidus infuscatus]BD86
| |--C. madeirensis Gofas 2005F05
| `--C. perforata Gofas 2005F05
|--Phasianotrochus Fischer 1885KC60
| |--P. eximius (Perry 1811)WG71 (see below for synonymy)
| |--P. apicinus (Menke 1843)W93
| |--P. bellulus (Dunker 1845)W93
| |--P. irisodontes (Quoy & Gaimard 1834)W93
| |--P. ocellatus Gould 1861W93
| `--P. rutilus (Adams 1851) [incl. Cantharidus sericinus Thiele 1930]W93
|--Calthalotia Iredale 1929 [incl. Prothalotia Thiele 1930]W93
| |--*C. arruensis (Watson 1880)KC60 (see below for synonymy)
| |--C. baudini (Fischer 1878)W93
| |--C. comtessi (Iredale 1931)W93
| |--C. indistincta (Wood 1828) [incl. C. marginata Tenison Woods 1880]W93
| |--C. mundula (Adams & Angas 1864)W93 (see below for synonymy)
| `--C. strigata (Adams 1853)W93
|--Cantharidella Pilsbry 1889W93
| |--*C. picturata (Adams & Angas 1864)KC60 [=Gibbula picturataP61]
| |--C. balteata (Philippi 1849)W93
| |--C. beachportensis Cotton & Godfrey 1934W93
| |--C. ocellina (Hedley 1911)W93
| |--C. rottnestensis Verco 1911W93
| |--C. tesselata (Adams 1851)P61 (see below for synonymy)
| `--C. tiberiana (Crosse 1863)W93
|--Jujubinus Monterosato 1884W93 (see below for synonymy)
| |--J. exasperatus (Pennant 1777) (see below for synonymy)KC60
| |--J. crenelliferus (Adams 1853)W93
| |--J. gilberti (Montrouzier 1878)W93
| |--J. lepidus (Philippi 1846) [incl. J. punctulosus Adams 1853]W93
| |--J. polychromus (Adams 1853) [incl. J. picturatus Adams 1853, J. tristis Thiele 1930]W93
| |--J. strigosus (Gmelin 1791) (see below for synonymy)KC60
| `--J. suturalis (Adams 1853)W93
|--Austrocochlea Fischer 1855W93 [=Austrochlea Pilsbry 1889KC60]
| |--*A. constricta (Lamarck 1822)W93 (see below for synonymy)
| |--A. adelaidae (Philippi 1849)W93
| |--A. concamerata (Wood 1828)WG71
| |--A. crinita (Philippi 1849)W93
| |--A. odontis (Wood 1828)W93
| |--A. porcata Adams 1853BRW98, W93
| |--A. rudis (Gray 1826) [incl. A. melanoloma Menke 1843, A. torri Cotton & Godfrey 1934]W93
| `--A. zeus Fischer 1874 [=Chrysostoma zeus]W93
|--Fractarmilla Finlay 1926W93
| |--*F. corrosa (Adams 1853)P61 (see below for synonymy)
| | |--F. c. corrosaP61
| | `--F. c. zebrina (Powell 1946) [=Zediloma (Fractarmilla) corrosa zebrina]P61
| |--F. atrovirens (Philippi 1851)P61 (see below for synonymy)
| |--F. morio (Troschel 1851) [=Monodonta’ morio, Zediloma (Fractarmilla) morio]F26
| |--‘Monodonta’ rudis [incl. M. melanoloma]F26
| |--‘Monodonta’ striolata [incl. M. concamerata]F26
| `--F. subrostrata (Gray 1835)P61 (see below for synonymy)
`--Thalotia Gray 1847W93
| i. s.: T. exigua Tenison-Woods 1878F71
| T. modestumBR90
|--T. (Thalotia)W93
| |--T. (T.) conica (Gray 1827)KC60 (see below for synonymy)
| `--T. (T.) attenuata (Jonas 1844) [incl. T. elongatus Wood 1828 non Sowerby 1818]W93
|--T. (Beraua Beets 1941)KC60
| `--T. (*B.) erinacea (Beets 1941) [=Cantharidus (*Beraua) erinaceus]KC60
`--T. (Odontotrochus Fischer in Kiener 1879)KC60
`--T. (*O.) chlorostoma (Menke 1843) [=Trochus chlorostomus]KC60
Chrysostoma Swainson 1840KC60 [ChrysostomatinaeBR17]
`--C. paradoxum (Born 1778)W93 (see below for synonymy)
FossarinaBR17
Kaiparathina Laws 1941BR05 [KaiparathininaeBR17, Kaiparathinini]
`--*K. praecellens Laws 1941BR17
Monodontinae [Monodontini]BR17
|--MonodontaBR05
|--DilomaKC60
|--Praelittorina Kutassy 1937KC60
| `--*P. triadica Kutassy 1937KC60
|--Ozodochilus Cossmann 1918KC60
| `--*O. subfilosus (Buvignier 1852) [=Trochus subfilosus]KC60
|--Cochleochilus Cossmann 1918KC60
| `--*C. cottaldinus (d’Orbigny 1853) [=Trochus cottaldinus]KC60
|--Islipia Cox & Arkell 1950KC60
| `--*I. lycetti (Lycett 1863) [=Monodonta lycetti]KC60
|--Michaletia Cossmann 1904KC60
| `--*M. semigranulata Cossmann 1904KC60
|--Lesperonia Tournouër 1874KC60
| `--*L. princeps Tournouër 1874KC60
|--Pachydontella Marwick 1948KC60
| `--*P. etiampicta Marwick 1948KC60
|--Pictiformes Kolesnikov 1939KC60
| `--*P. mamilla (Andrzejowski 1830) [=Monodonta mamilla]KC60
|--Turcicula Dall 1881KC60
| `--*T. imperialis (Dall 1881) [=Margarita imperialis]KC60
|--Buckmanina Cossmann 1920 [=Brasilia Cossmann 1918 nec Buckman 1898 nec Clarke 1913]KC60
| `--*B. erinus (d’Orbigny 1853) [=Turbo erinus]KC60
|--Calliovarica Vokes 1939KC60
| `--*C. eocensis Vokes 1939KC60
|--Houdasia Cossmann 1902KC60
| `--*H. splendens Cossmann 1902KC60
|--Phorculus Cossmann 1888KC60
| `--*P. fraterculus (Deshayes 1863) [=Turbo fraterculus]KC60
|--Trochinella Iredale 1937KC60
| `--*T. perconfusa Iredale 1937KC60
|--Melagraphia Gray 1847 [incl. Neodiloma Fischer 1885]KC60
| `--*M. aethiops (Gmelin 1791)P61 [=Trochus aethiopsP61, Monodonta (Diloma) aethiopsF26, Turbo aethiopsKC60]
|--Zediloma Finlay 1927KC60, P61
| |--*Z. digna Finlay 1927P61
| `--Z. arida Finlay 1927P61 [=Diloma aridaHS01]
|--Cittarium Philippi 1847 [=Livona Gray 1847, Meleagris Montfort 1810 non Linnaeus 1758]KC60
| |--*C. pica (Linnaeus 1758) [=Turbo pica, *Livona pica, *Meleagris pica]KC60
| `--‘Livona’ picoidesC64
|--Norrisia Bayle 1880 [=Trochiscus Sowerby 1838 non Heyden 1826]KC60
| |--*N. norrisi (Sowerby 1838)KC60 [=*Trochiscus norrisiKC60; incl. Turbo rotelliformis Jay 1839BC01]
| `--‘Trochiscus’ convexus Carpenter 1864C64
|--Cavodiloma Finlay 1927KC60
| |--*C. excavata (Adams & Angas 1864)KC60 (see below for synonymy)
| `--C. coracina (Philippi 1851)P61 (see below for synonymy)
|--Anisodiloma Finlay 1927KC60
| `--*A. lugubris (Gmelin 1791)P61 (see below for synonymy)
| |--A. l. lugubrisF26
| `--A. l. lenior Finlay 1926F26
`--Bathybembix Crosse 1892KC60, BC01 [=Bembix Watson 1879 non Fabricius 1775KC60]
| i. s.: B. bairdii (Dall 1889) [=Turcicula bairdii]BC01
|--*B. (Bathybembix) aeola (Watson 1879) [=*Bembix aeola]KC60
`--B. (Ginebis Otuka 1942)KC60
`--B. (*G.) argenteonitens (Lischke 1872) [=Trochus argenteonitens]KC60
Tosatrochus attenuatus (Jonas 1844)WBS-S15

*Anisodiloma lugubris (Gmelin 1791)P61 [=Trochus lugubrisP61, Diloma (*Anisodiloma) lugubrisKC60, Monodonta lugubrisF26]

*Austrocochlea constricta (Lamarck 1822)W93 [=Monodonta constrictaKC60; incl. A. obtusa Dillwyn 1817W93, A. zebra Menke 1829W93]

*Calthalotia arruensis (Watson 1880)KC60 [=Trochus (Ziziphinus) arruensisKC60, H08, Calliostoma arruenseH09, Thalotia (*Calthalotia) arruensisKC60; incl. Cantharidus torresi Smith 1884H08]

Calthalotia mundula (Adams & Angas 1864)W93 [incl. Trochus flindersi Fischer 1878W93, Thalotia (*Prothalotia) flindersiKC60]

Cantharidella tesselata (Adams 1851)P61 [=Margarita tesselataF26; incl. Gibbula nitida (Adams & Angas 1864)F26, Photinula nitidaF26, Talopena sublaevis Finlay 1924P61]

Cavodiloma coracina (Philippi 1851)P61 [=Trochus coracinusF26, Diloma coracinaHS01, Monodonta coracinaF26, Trochocochlea coracinaF26]

*Cavodiloma excavata (Adams & Angas 1864)KC60 [=Trochocochlea excavataP61, Diloma (*Cavodiloma) excavataKC60, Monodonta excavataF26]

Chrysostoma paradoxum (Born 1778)W93 [=Helix paradoxaKC60; incl. Turbo nicobaricus Gmelin 1791KC60, BR17, *Chrysostoma nicobaricumBR17]

Fractarmilla atrovirens (Philippi 1851)P61 [=Monodonta atrovirensF26, Diloma atrovirensCH97, Zediloma (Fractarmilla) atrovirensP61]

*Fractarmilla corrosa (Adams 1853)P61 [=Labio corrosaP61, Diloma (*Fractarmilla) corrosaKC60, Monodonta corrosaF26, Zediloma (*F.) corrosaP61; incl. Z. plumbea Hutton 1883P61]

Fractarmilla subrostrata (Gray 1835)P61 [=Monodonta subrostrataF26, Diloma subrostrata HS01, Zediloma (Fractarmilla) subrostrataP61]

Jujubinus Monterosato 1884W93 [incl. Gravijubinus Nordsieck 1975W93, Manotrochus Fischer 1885KC60, Mirulinus Monterosato 1917KC60, Pictijubinus Nordsieck 1975W93, Scrobiculinus Monterosato 1889KC60, Strigosella Sacco 1896W93]

Jujubinus exasperatus (Pennant 1777) [=Trochus exasperatus; incl. T. matoni Payraudeau 1827, *Jujubinus matoni]KC60

Jujubinus strigosus (Gmelin 1791) [=Trochus strigosus, Astele (*Scrobiculinus) strigosa, Jujubinus (*Strigosella) strigosus]KC60

*Kittlitrochus marginenodosus (Böhm 1895) [=Tectus marginenodosus, *Paratrochoides marginenodosus, *Paratrochus marginenodosus]KC60

Notogibbula bicarinata (Adams 1854)KC60 [=Stomatia bicarinataKC60, Gibbula (Notogibbula) bicarinataKC60, Stomatella bicarinataH09; incl. Gibbula coxi Angas 1867KC60, *Notogibbula coxiKC60]

Phasianotrochus eximius (Perry 1811)WG71 [=Bulimus eximiusKC60, Cantharidus (Phasianotrochus) eximiusKC60; incl. Trochus badius Wood 1828KC60, *Phasianotrochus badiusKC60, Bulimus carinatus Perry 1811 non Bruguière 1789H08, Elenchus ocellatus Gould 1861H08]

Thalotia (Thalotia) conica (Gray 1827)KC60 [=Monodonta conicaKC60, Cantharidus conicusF26; incl. Trochus pictus Wood 1828KC60, *Thalotia pictaKC60]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

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[BRW98] Beesley, P. L., G. J. B. Ross & A. Wells (eds) 1998. Fauna of Australia vol. 5. Mollusca: The Southern Synthesis. Part A. Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra.

[BR90] Black, R., A. I. Robertson, C. H. Peterson & N. M. Peterson. 1990. Fishes and benthos of near-shore seagrass and sandflat habitats at Monkey Mia Shark Bay, Western Australia. In: Berry, P. F., S. D. Bradshaw & B. R. Wilson (eds) Research in Shark Bay: Report of the France-Australe Bicentenary Expedition Committee pp. 245–261. Western Australian Museum.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1-2): 1-397.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[C64] Carpenter, P. P. 1864. Supplementary report on the present state of our knowledge with regard to the Mollusca of the west coast of North America. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33: 517–686.

[CH97] Castro, P., & M. E. Huber. 1997. Marine Biology 2nd ed. WCB McGraw-Hill: Boston.

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261–282.

[F26] Finlay, H. J. 1926. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45–80.

[H08] Hedley, C. 1908. Studies on Australian Mollusca. Part X. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 456–489, pls 7–10.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[H96] Hickman, C. S. 1996. Phylogeny and patterns of evolutionary radiation in trochoidean gastropods. In: Taylor, J. D. (ed.) Origin and Evolutionary Radiation of the Mollusca pp. 177–198. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[K65] Kay, E. A. 1965. Marine molluscs in the Cuming collection, British Museum (Natural History) described by William Harper Pease. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History): Zoology Supplement 1: 1–96, 14 pls.

[KC60] Knight, J. B., L. R. Cox, A. M. Keen, R. L. Batten, E. L. Yochelson & R. Robertson. 1960. Gastropoda: systematic descriptions. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt I. Mollusca 1: Mollusca—General Features, Scaphopoda, Amphineura, Monoplacophora, Gastropoda—General Features, Archaeogastropoda and some (mainly Paleozoic) Caenogastropoda and Opisthobranchia pp. I169–I331. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[TE01] Tong, J., & D. H. Erwin. 2001. Triassic gastropods of the southern Qinling Mountains, China. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 92: 1–47.

[WBS-S15] Willan, R. C., C. Bryce & S. M. Slack-Smith. 2015. Kimberley marine biota. Historical data: molluscs. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 84: 287–343.

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