Trombidioidea

Johnstoniana sp., copyright Joanna Mąkol.

Belongs within: Parasitengonina.
Contains: Trombellidae, Leeuwenhoekiidae, Chyzeriidae, Trombidiidae, Microtrombidiidae.

The Johnstonianidae are a group of relatively large parasitengonine mites found in moist litter habitats, characterised by nude or sparsely barbed idionotal setae and the presence of a large ventral or lateral spine on the palptibia (Walter et al. 2009).

<==Trombidioidea [Microtrombidioidea, Trombiculoidea]LKW09
|--JohnstonianidaeDPD16
| | i. s.: Crossothrombium Womersley 1939H98
| | `--C. parkhousei Womersley 1939H98
| | Hirstithrombium Oudemans in Thor & Willmann 1947H98
| | `--H. australiense (Hirst 1928) [=Diplothrombium australiense, Johnstoniana australiense]H98
| |--CharadracarusK90 [CharadracarinaeWe91]
| |--Polydiscus [Polydiscinae]K90
| `--JohnstonianinaeWe91
| |--Centrotrombidium Kramer 1896SB63
| | |--*C. schneideri Kramer 1896 [incl. Diplothrombium walteri Schweizer 1922, C. walteri]SB63
| | `--C. australasiae Womersley 1942H98
| |--Diplothrombium Berlese 1910SB63
| | |--*D. longipalpe (Berlese 1887) [=Trombidium longipalpe]SB63
| | |--D. eximiumS22
| | |--D. micidiumWL09
| | |--D. monoenseWL09
| | `--D. pulcherrimumS-TK22
| `--Johnstoniana George 1909H98 [incl. Rohaultia Oudemans 1911SB63]
| |--*J. errans (Johnston 1852) [=Rhyncholophus errans]SB63
| |--‘Rohaultia’ biungulumAL37
| |--J. dubiosa Schweizer 1951SB63
| |--J. insignia (Berlese 1916) [=Diplothrombium eximium insignius; incl. D. longipes Schweizer 1922]SB63
| |--J. parvaWWO01
| |--J. rapaxWWO01
| |--J. tuberculata Schweizer 1951 [=J. tuberculatua]SB63
| |--J. ventripilosaWi91
| `--J. vitzthumi Womersley 1939H98
|--Neothrombiidae [Mycterothrombiinae, Neothrombiinae, Neothrombiini, Silphitrombiini]We91
| | i. s.: Calothrombium Berlese 1918WL09, T36
| | `--C. paoliiWL09
| | Silphitrombium Fain 1992ZF05
| | `--S. furculigerumWL09
| | Neosilphitrombium Fain 1992ZF05
| | `--N. gratumWL09
| | Machilitrombium Fain 1994ZF05
| | Thaitrombidium Fain 1998ZF05
| | Southcottella Saboori 2002ZF05
| | Opiliotrombium Zhang & Fan 2005ZF05
| | `--*O. akatarawa Zhang & Fan 2005ZF05
| | Falsivalgothrombium Zhang & Xin 1989Z94
| | `--*F. longitarsis Zhang & Xin 1989Z94
| |--Nanotrombium Zhang 1994Z94
| | `--*N. krantzi Zhang 1994Z94
| `--+--Ceuthothrombium Robaux, Webb & Campbell 1976Z94
| | `--*C. cavaticum Robaux, Webb & Campbell 1976Z94
| `--+--+--Paputrombidium Fain 1992 [Paputrombidiinae]Z94
| | | `--*P. grootaerti Fain 1992Z94
| | `--Acritrombium Southcott 1986Z94
| | `--*A. striatum Southcott 1986Z94
| `--+--Wondeclia Southcott 1987 [Wondecliinae]Z94
| | `--*W. centipedae Southcott 1987Z94
| `--+--Dasitrombium Zhang 1994Z94
| | `--*D. arizonaicum Zhang 1994Z94
| `--Neothrombium Oudemans 1909 [=Mycterothrombium Feider 1945]Z94
| |--*N. neglectum (Bruyant 1909) (see below for synonymy)Z94
| |--N. gryllotalpae Fan 1984Z94
| `--N. medium Zhang 1994Z94
`--+--+--ChyzeriidaeDPD16
| `--TrombidiidaeDPD16
`--MicrotrombidiidaeDPD16

Trombidioidea incertae sedis:
Georgiothrombium pulcherrimumW01
Parawenhoekia Paoli 1937S61
`--*P. dectici Paoli 1937S61
Endotrombicula Ewing 1931S61
AchaemenothrombiidaeZF11
TrombellidaeWe91
Audyana Womersley 1954H98 [AudyanidaeWe91]
`--A. thompsoni Womersley 1954H98
NeotrombidiidaeWe91
| i. s.: Monunguis streblidaWL09
|--AnomalothrombiinaeWL09
`--Neotrombidium Leonardi 1901 [Neotrombidiinae]S61
|--N. anuroporumWL09
|--N. barringunense Hirst 1928H98
|--N. beeriWL09
|--N. gracilare Womersley 1963H98
|--N. gracilipes Womersley 1963H98
|--N. neptunium Southcott 1961S61 (see below for synonymy)
|--N. papuanum (Canestrini 1884) [=Trombidium papuanum, Trombicula papuana]H98
|--N. samsinakiWL09
`--N. tridentifer (Ewing 1909) [=Rhyncholophus tridentifer]S61
LeeuwenhoekiidaeWe91

*Neothrombium neglectum (Bruyant 1909) [=Allothrombium neglectum, Microthrombidium neglectum, *Mycterothrombium neglectum]Z94

Neotrombidium neptunium Southcott 1961S61 [=N. tridentifer Southcott 1957 non Rhyncholophus tridentifer Ewing 1909S61, N. bidentifer (l. c.)H98]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AL37] André, M., & É. Lamy. 1937. Les Idées actuelles sur la Phylogénie des Acariens. Published by the author: Paris.

[DPD16] Dabert, M., H. Proctor & J. Dabert. 2016. Higher-level molecular phylogeny of the water mites (Acariformes: Prostigmata: Parasitengonina: Hydrachnidiae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 101: 75–90.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[K90] Kethley, J. 1990. Acarina: Prostigmata (Actinedida). In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 667–756. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Classification. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 97–103. Texas Tech University Press.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[SB63] Schweizer, J. & C. Bader. 1963. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Trombidiformes Reuter, mit 217 Arten und Unterarten und 193 Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84 (2): i–vi, 209–378.

[S61] Southcott, R. V. 1961. Studies on the systematics and biology of the Erythraeoidea (Acarina), with a critical revision of the genera and subfamilies. Australian Journal of Zoology 9: 367–610.

[S-TK22] Szudarek-Trepto, N., A. Kaźmierski, A. Skoracka, M. Lewandowski & J. Dabert. 2022. Molecular phylogeny supports the monophyly of the mite supercohort Eupodides (Acariformes: Trombidiformes) and greatly coincides with traditional morphological definition of the taxon. Annales Zoologici 72 (4): 757–786.

[T36] Thor, S. 1936. Neue Gattungen in der Familie Trombidiidae W. E. Leach 1814. Zoologischer Anzeiger 114: 29–32.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 233–420. Texas Tech University Press.

[We91] Welbourn, W. C. 1991. Phylogenetic studies of the terrestrial Parasitengona. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 163–170. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[Wi91] Witte, H. 1991. The phylogenetic relationships within the Parasitengonae. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 171–182. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[W01] Wohltmann, A. 2001. Closely related species of Parasitengonae (Acari: Prostigmata) inhabiting the same areas: features facilitating coexistence. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 121–135. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[WWO01] Wohltmann, A., H. Witte & R. Olomski. 2001. Organismal patterns causing high potential for adaptive radiation in Parasitengonae (Acari: Prostigmata). In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 83–99. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[Z94] Zhang, Z.-Q. 1994. Neothrombiidae (Acari: Trombidioidea) of the world: systematic review with a phylogenetic analysis and descriptions of two new genera. Oriental Insects 28: 205–237.

[ZF05] Zhang, Z.-Q. & Q.-H. Fan. 2005. A new genus of Neothrombiidae (Acari: Trombidioidea) from New Zealand. Systematic and Applied Acarology 10: 155–162.

[ZF11] Zhang, Z.-Q., Q.-H. Fan, V. Pesic, H. Smit, A. V. Bochkov, A. A. Khaustov, A. Baker, A. Wohltmann, T. Wen, J. W. Amrine, P. Beron, J. Lin, G. Gabryś & R. Husband. 2011. Order Trombidiformes Reuter, 1909. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (ed.) Animal biodiversity: an outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 129–138.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *