Turbonilla tenuicula, copyright Phil Liff-Grieff.

Belongs within: Pyramidellidae.

Turbonilla is a cosmopolitan genus of pyramidellid snails with a many-whorled, cylindro-conic shell (Oldroyd 1927).

Characters (from Oldroyd 1927): Shell cylindro-conic, many-whorled, generally slender; apex sinistral; columella with a single fold that varies in strength and is often not visible in aperture; sculpture, both axial and spiral, varying from obsolete to strongly incised lines or raised lamellae.

<==Turbonilla Risso 1826 [Turbonillina, Turbonillini] BR05
    |–T. (Turbonilla) BR17
    |    |–*T. (T.) costulata Risso 1826 BR17
    |    `–T. (T.) typica P61
    |–T. (Bartschella Iredale 1917) O27
    |    |–T. (B.) arata Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    `–T. (B.) laminata Carpenter 1856 O27
    |–T. (Dunkeria Carpenter 1856) O27
    |    |–‘Dunkeria’ laminata Carpenter 1864 C64
    |    |–‘Dunkeria’ major [=Chemnitzia major] C64
    |    |–‘Dunkeria’ subangulata C64
    |    `–T. (D.) swani Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |–T. (Mormula Adams 1854) O27
    |    |–T. (M.) ambusta Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    |–T. (M.) catalinensis Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    |–T. (M.) clementina Bartsch 1927 O27
    |    |–T. (M.) enna Bartsch 1927 O27
    |    |–T. (M.) eschscholtzi Dall & Bartsch 1907 O27
    |    |–T. (M.) heterolopha Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    |–T. (M.) lordi (Smith 1880) [=Chimnitzia lordi] O27
    |    |–T. (M.) pentalopha Dall & Bartsch 1903 O27
    |    |–T. (M.) periscelida Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    |–T. (M.) regina Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    `–T. (M.) tridentata Carpenter 1865 O27
    |–T. (Pyrgiscus Philippi 1841) O27
    |    |–T. (P.) adusta Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) alfredi Abbott 1958 B59
    |    |–T. (P.) almo Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) antemunda Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) antestriata Dall & Bartsch 1907 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) aragoni Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) auricoma Dall & Bartsch 1903 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) callia Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) callimene Bartsch 1912 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) canfieldi Dall & Bartsch 1907 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) castanea Keep 1888 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) castanella Dall 1908 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) ‘delmontensis’ Bartsch 1927 non T. gilli delmontensis Dall & Bartsch 1907 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) dora Bartsch 1917 [=T. (Pyrgolampros) dora] O27
    |    |–T. (P.) eucosmobasis Dall & Bartsch 1907 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) eva Bartsch 1917 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) grippi Bartsch 1912 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) ina Bartsch 1917 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) ista Bartsch 1917 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) jewetti Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) moerchi Dall & Bartsch 1907 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) nereia Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) nuttingi Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) obesa Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) pluto Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) recta Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) signae Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) tenuicula Gould 1853 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) vexativa Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    |–T. (P.) virgo (Carpenter 1865) [=Chemnitzia virgo] O27
    |    |–T. (P.) weldi Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    |    `–T. (P.) wickhami Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
    `–T. (Pyrgolampros Sacco 1892) O27
         |–T. (P.) alaskana Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
         |–T. (P.) aurantia Carpenter 1865 O27
         |–T. (P.) berryi Dall & Bartsch 1907 O27
         |–T. (P.) blanda Finlay 1924 F27a
         |–T. (P.) chocolata (Carpenter 1866) [=Chemnitzia chocolata] O27
         |–T. (P.) eyerdami Bartsch 1927 O27
         |–T. (P.) franciscana Bartsch 1917 O27
         |–T. (P.) gloriosa Bartsch 1912 O27
         |–T. (P.) gouldi Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
         |–T. (P.) halia Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
         |–T. (P.) halibrecta Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
         |–T. (P.) halistrepta Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
         |–T. (P.) ilfa Bartsch 1927 O27
         |–T. (P.) keepi Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
         |–T. (P.) lituyana Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
         |–T. (P.) lowei Dall & Bartsch 1903 O27
         |–T. (P.) lyalli Dall & Bartsch 1907 O27
         |–T. (P.) macouni Dall & Bartsch 1910 O27
         |–T. (P.) middendorffi Bartsch 1927 O27
         |–T. (P.) newcombei Dall & Bartsch 1907 O27
         |–T. (P.) oregonensis Dall & Bartsch 1907 O27
         |–T. (P.) painei Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
         |–T. (P.) pedroana Dall & Bartsch 1903 O27
         |–T. (P.) pesa Dall & Bartsch 1910 O27
         |–T. (P.) pugetensis Bartsch 1917 O27
         |–T. (P.) ridgwayi Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
         |–T. (P.) rinella Dall & Bartsch 1910 O27
         |–‘Pyrgolampros’ rufofasciata L10
         |–T. (P.) shuyakensis Bartsch 1927 O27
         |–T. (P.) stelleri Bartsch 1927 O27
         |–T. (P.) talma Dall & Bartsch 1910 O27
         |–T. (P.) taylori Dall & Bartsch 1907 O27
         |–T. (P.) tremperi Bartsch 1917 O27
         |–T. (P.) valdezi Dall & Bartsch 1907 O27
         `–T. (P.) victoriana Dall & Bartsch 1907 O27

Turbonilla incertae sedis:
  T. acra Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
  T. altenburgensis G31
  T. amoebaea (Watson 1886) [=Odostomia amoebaea] H09
  T. antiqua Bronn 1848 F27b
  T. aplini Brazier 1877 H09
  T. awamoaensis Marshall & Murdoch 1921 F27a
  T. bedoyai Peñas & Rolán 1997 BC01
  T. bengoensis Peñas & Rolán 1997 BC01
  T. campbellica Odhner 1924 F27a
  T. cheverti Hedley 1901 H09
  T. confusa Brazier 1877 H09
  T. darnleyensis Brazier 1877 H09
  T. diegensis Dall & Bartsch 1909 O27
  T. eques Laws 1937 P61
  T. finlayi Powell 1926 F27a
  T. franciscoi Peñas & Rolán 1997 BC01
  T. ghanensis Peñas & Rolán 1997 BC01
  T. gilli Dall & Bartsch 1907 O27
    |–T. g. gilli O27
    `–T. g. delmontensis Dall & Bartsch 1907 O27
  T. hampdenensis Finlay 1927 (see below for synonymy) F27b
  T. haroldi Laws 1937 P61
  T. hattenbergeri Peñas & Rolán 1997 BC01
  T. homoeotata (Watson 1886) [=Odostomia homoeotata] H09
  T. inaequabilis Peñas & Rolán 1997 BC01
  T. lactea C60
  T. lamyi Hedley 1916 F27a
  T. luandensis Peñas & Rolán 1997 BC01
  T. martae Peñas & Rolán 1997 BC01
  T. moorei Laws 1937 P61
  T. nofronii Peñas & Rolán 1997 BC01
  T. perezdionisi Peñas & Rolán 1997 BC01
  T. powelli Bucknill 1924 F27a
  T. prisca F27a
  T. pseudomarteli Peñas & Rolán 1997 BC01
  T. rafaeli Peñas & Rolán 1997 BC01
  T. ryalli Peñas & Rolán 1997 BC01
  T. spina (Crosse & Fischer 1884) [=Turritella spina] H09
  T. susomendezi Peñas & Rolán 1997 BC01
  T. suteri Powell 1926 P61
  T. swinneni Peñas & Rolán 1997 BC01
  T. templadoi Peñas & Rolán 1997 BC01
  T. turris [=Chemnitzia turris; incl. C. modesta, C. ornata, C. pulchella] G79
  T. varicifera Tate 1898 H09
  T. volgensis G31

Nomina nuda: Turbonilla newtoni Cossmann 1899 [=T. sulcata Edwards in Newton 1891 (preoc.)] F27b
             Turbonilla tahuensis Allan 1927 A27

Turbonilla hampdenensis Finlay 1927 [=T. antiqua Marshall 1919 nec Bronn 1848 nec T. costatelloides var. antiqua Sacco 1892] F27b

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A27] Allan, R. S. 1927. The geology and palaeontology of the Lower Waihao Basin, south Canterbury, New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 265–309.

[B59] Baker, B. B. 1959. Publications received: The marine mollusks of Grand Cayman Island, British West Indies. By R. Tucker Abbott. Nautilus 72 (4): 147–148.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[C64] Carpenter, P. P. 1864. Supplementary report on the present state of our knowledge with regard to the Mollusca of the west coast of North America. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33: 517–686.

[C60] Cox, L. R. 1960. Gastropoda: general characteristics of Gastropoda. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt I. Mollusca 1: Mollusca—General Features, Scaphopoda, Amphineura, Monoplacophora, Gastropoda—General Features, Archaeogastropoda and some (mainly Paleozoic) Caenogastropoda and Opisthobranchia pp. I84–I169. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[G31] Grabau, A. W. 1931. The Permian of Mongolia: A report on the Permian fauna of the Jisu Honguer limestone of Mongolia and its relations to the Permian of other parts of the world. American Museum of Natural History: New York.

[G79] Guppy, R. J. L. 1879. First sketch of a marine invertebrate fauna of the Gulf of Paria and its neighbourhood. Part I.—Mollusca. Journal of Conchology 2: 151–172.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[L10] Lebedev, E. B. 2010. Diversity of soft-bottom mollusks in the Far Eastern Marine Reserve (Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan). In: China-Russia Bilateral Symposium: Proceedings of the China-Russia Bilateral Symposium of “Comparison on Marine Biodiversity in the Northwest Pacific Ocean”, 10–11 October 2010, Qingdao (China) pp. 169–173. Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; A. V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. 2 pt 2. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

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