Ulotrichales

Monostroma grevillei, copyright M. D. Guiry.

Belongs within: Tetraphytae.

The Ulotrichales are a group of aquatic green algae with a life cycle alternating between multicellular gametophytes and unicellular sporophytes. Gametes are biflagellate whereas zoospores are quadriflagellate.

<==Ulotrichales
    |  i. s.: VermiporellaceaeVH01
    |           |  i. s.: ‘Anthracoporella’ bashkirica Kulik 1973VH01
    |           `--Vermiporella Stolley 1893H75
    |                `--*V. fragilis Stolley 1893H75
    |         Microspora Thuret 1850 (nom. cons.)EB03 [MicrosporaceaeA90]
    |           `--M. amoenaSG05
    |--+--AcrosiphoniaL-BC03
    |  |    |--A. arctaDI03
    |  |    |--A. duriusculaKBC03
    |  |    |--A. saxatilisKBC03
    |  |    `--A. sonderiNK03
    |  `--Urospora Aresch. 1866 (nom. cons.)L-BC03, KC01
    |       |--U. grandis Kylin 1907 [=Hormiscia grandis]S57
    |       |--U. penicilliformis (Roth) Areschoug 1866 [=Hormiscia penicilliformis]S57
    |       |--U. sphaerulifera Setchell & Gardner in Gardner 1919 [=Hormiscia sphaerulifera]S57
    |       |--U. tetraciliata Frye & Zeller 1915 [=Hormiscia tetraciliata]S57
    |       |--U. vancouveriana (Tilden) Setchell & Gardner in Gardner 1919 [=Hormiscia vancouveriana]S57
    |       `--U. wormskioldii (Mertens) Rosenvinge 1893 [=Hormiscia wormskioldii]S57
    `--+--MonostromaceaeS57
       |    |--UlvariaNLS03
       |    |    |--U. obscuraNLS03
       |    |    `--U. splendensKBC03
       |    `--MonostromaL-BC03
       |         |--M. fractum Jao 1937S57
       |         |--M. fuscum (Postels & Ruprecht) Wittrock 1866S57
       |         |    |--M. f. var. fuscumS57
       |         |    |--M. f. var. blyttii (Areschoug) Collins 1903 [=Ulvaria obscura var. blyttii]S57
       |         |    `--M. f. var. splendens (Ruprecht) Rosenvinge 1893S57
       |         |--M. grevilleiL-BC03
       |         |--M. oxycoccumPP64
       |         |--M. oxyspermum (Kützing) Doty 1947S57
       |         `--M. zostericola Tilden 1900S57
       `--+--+--Gloeotilopsis planctonicaL-BC03
          |  `--Protoderma Kütz. 1854L-BC03, KC01
          |       `--P. sarcinoideaL-BC03
          |--PseudendocloniumL-BC03
          |    |--P. akinetumGLB04
          |    |--P. basilienseL-BC03
          |    `--P. submarinumL10
          `--UlotrichaceaeA90
               |--Binuclearia tectorumSG05
               |--Schizomeris leibleiniiSG05
               |--Geminella Turpin 1828A90, KC01
               |--StichococcusA90
               |--Mackiella rotundata Edwards & Lyon 1983EB93
               |--Rhynchertia punctata Edwards & Lyon 1983EB93
               |--Palaeogeminella folkii Fairchild et al. 1979EB93
               `--Ulothrix Kutzing 1833L-BC03, M70
                    |--U. flacca (Dillwyn) Thuret in LeJolis 1863S57
                    |--U. implexa Kützing 1849S57
                    |--U. laetevirens (Kützing) Collins 1909S57
                    |--U. tenerrima Kutzing 1843M70
                    `--U. zonataL-BC03

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A90] Archibald, P. A. 1990. Soil algae. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 69–96. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[DI03] Denboh, T., T. Ichimura, D. Hendrayanti & A. W. Coleman. 2003. Closterium moniliferum-ehrenbergii (Charophyceae, Chlorophyta) species complex viewed from the 1506 group I intron and ITS2 of nuclear rDNA. Journal of Phycology 39: 960–977.

[EB93] Edwards, D., J. G. Baldauf, P. R. Brown, K. J. Dorning, M. Feist, L. T. Gallagher, N. Grambast-Fessard, M. B. Hart, A. J. Powell & R. Riding. 1993. ‘Algae’. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 15–40. Chapman & Hall: London.

[EB03] Eriksson, O. E., H. O. Barah, R. S. Currah, K. Hansen, C. P. Kurtzman, T. Laessøe & G. Rambold (eds.) 2003. Notes on ascomycete systematics. Nos 3580–3623. Myconet 9: 91–103.

[GLB04] Gray, M. W., B. F. Lang & G. Burger. 2004. Mitochondria of protists. Annual Review of Genetics 38: 477–524.

[H75] Häntzschel, W. 1975. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt W. Miscellanea Suppl. 1. Trace Fossils and Problematica 2nd ed. The Geological Society of America: Boulder (Colorado), and The University of Kansas: Lawrence (Kansas).

[KBC03] Kashin, I. A., E. V. Bagaveeva & S. F. Chaplygina. 2003. Fouling communities of hydrotechnical constructions in Nakhodka Bay (Sea of Japan). Russian Journal of Marine Biology 29: 267–283.

[KC01] Kirk, P. M., P. F. Cannon, J. C. David & J. A. Stalpers. 2001. Ainsworth & Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi 9th ed. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[L10] Levenets, I. R. 2010. Macroalgae of fouling, scallop epibiosis and benthos in the southern Primorye, Sea of Japan. In: China-Russia Bilateral Symposium: Proceedings of the China-Russia Bilateral Symposium of “Comparison on Marine Biodiversity in the Northwest Pacific Ocean”, 10–11 October 2010, Qingdao (China) pp. 208–213. Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; A. V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

[L-BC03] López-Bautista, J. M., & R. L. Chapman. 2003. Phylogenetic affinities of the Trentepohliales inferred from small-subunit rDNA. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 2099–2106.

[M70] Meel, L. van. 1970. Etudes limnologiques en Belgique. VI.—Les méandres de la Durme à Hamme (Province de Flandre Orientale). Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 46 (13): 1–56.

[NK03] Nedashkovskaya, O. I., S. B. Kim, S. K. Han, A. M. Lysenko, M. Rohde, N. V. Zhukova, E. Falsen, G. M. Frolova, V. V. Mikhailov & K. S. Bae. 2003. Mesonia algae gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel marine bacterium of the family Flavobacteriaceae isolated from the green alga Acrosiphonia sonderi (Kütz) Kornm. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 1967–1971.

[NLS03] Nelson, T. A., D. J. Lee & B. C. Smith. 2003. Are “green tides” harmful algal blooms? Toxic properties of water-soluble extracts from two bloom-forming macroalgae, Ulva fenestrata and Ulvaria obscura (Ulvophyceae). Journal of Phycology 39: 874–879.

[PP64] Peres, J. M., & J. Picard. 1964. Nouveau manuel de bionomie benthique de la mer Mediterranee. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d’Endoume, Bulletin 31 (27): 5–137.

[SG05] Sau, A., & R. K. Gupta. 2005. Algal flora of Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 47: 63–86.

[S57] Scagel, R. F. 1957. An annotated list of the marine algae of British Columbia and northern Washington (including keys to genera). National Museum of Canada Bulletin 150: 1–289.

[VH01] Vachard, D., M. Hauser, R. Martini, L. Zaninetti, A. Matter & T. Peters. 2001. New algae and problematica of algal affinity from the Permian of the Aseelah Unit of the Batain Plain (East Oman). Geobios 34 (4): 375–404.

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