Umboniinae

Isanda coronata, copyright Femorale.

Belongs within: Trochidae.

The Umboniinae are a group of small top shells found mostly on soft substrates in shallower waters. Genera related to Umbonium and Lirularia have a monopectinate ctenidium but the ctenidium remains bipectinate in basal genera such as Monilea and Ethalia (Herbert 1992).

Characters (from Herbert 1992): Radula with teeth of central field reduced, marginals well-developed and numerous, latero-marginal plate present; protoconch small (<250 µm in diameter) and beaked; teleoconch often with scratch-like axial microsculpture; snout with subterminal papillae; forehead frequently narrow or absent and snout reduced in size; eye stalks more or less elongate, curving up under shell margin in life, eyes usually large, terminal; left neck lobe variously modified to form particle exclusion filter, sometimes greatly hypertrophied; foot anteriorly bifid; ctenidium long, extending whole length of mantle cavity; ctenidial filaments elongate, with swollen tips and prominent bursicles, filaments on left side of ctenidial axis reduced or absent; afferent ctenidial membrane long, ctenidium sometimes attached to mantle skirt throughout its length.

Umboniinae [Bankiviini, Monileini, Rotelladae, Rotellinae, Umboniidae, Umboniini]BR17
| i. s.: ‘Minolia’ edithae Melvill 1891H92
| ‘Minolia’ biangulosa (Adams 1855)H92
| ‘Solariella’ dereimsi Dollfus 1911H92
| ‘Solariella’ canaliculata Smith 1872H92
|--Callumbonella Thiele 1924 [=Umbotrochus Thiele 1924 non Perner 1903]KC60
| `--*C. gorgonarum (Fischer 1883) [=Gibbula gorgonarum, *Umbotrochus gorgonarum]KC60
|--Inkaba Herbert 1992H92
| `--*I. tonga Herbert 1992H92
|--Zethalia Finlay 1926H92 [incl. Ethaliopsis Cossmann 1918 non Schepman 1908KC60]
| `--*Z. zelandicum (Adams 1854)P61 (see below for synonymy)
|--Bankivia Krauss 1848BR05
| `--*B. fasciata (Menke 1830)W93 (see below for synonymy)
|--Archiminolia Iredale 1929W93
| `--*A. oleacea (Hedley & Petterd 1907)W93 [=Monilea oleaceaKC60, Isanda (*Archiminolia) oleaceaKC60]
|--Parminolia Iredale 1929W93
| `--*P. apicina (Gould 1861)W93 (see below for synonymy)
|--Rossiteria Brazier 1895W93 [=Solanderia Fischer in Kiener 1879 non Duchassaing & Michelin 1846KC60]
| `--*R. nucleus (Philippi 1849)W93 [=Trochus nucleusW93, Monilea (*Rossiteria) nucleaKC60]
|--Antisolarium Finlay 1926H92
| |--*A. egenum (Gould 1849)P61 (see below for synonymy)
| `--A. stoliczkai (Zittel 1865) [=Solariella stoliczkai]F27
|--Vanitrochus Iredale 1929W93 [incl. Conotrochus Pilsbry 1889 non Schröter 1863KC60]
| |--*V. tragema (Melvill & Standen 1896)W93 [=Solariella tragemaW93, Isanda (*Vanitrochus) tragemaKC60]
| `--‘Trochus’ semiustus Fischer 1879W93
|--Leiopyrga Adams & Adams 1863W93
| |--*L. lineolaris (Gould 1861)W93, KC60 (see below for synonymy)
| |--L. cingulata (Adams 1863)W93 [=Cantharidus cingulatusH09]
| `--L. octona (Tate 1891) [incl. L. octona problematica (Iredale 1924)]W93
|--Pseudominolia Herbert 1992H92
| |--*P. splendens (Sowerby 1897) [=Solariella splendens; incl. Minolia variegata Odhner 1919]H92
| |--‘Solariella’ algoensis Thiele 1925 (see below for synonymy)H92
| `--‘Minolia’ climacota Melvill 1897H92
|--Talopena Iredale 1918H92
| |--*T. incerta (Iredale 1913)H92 [=Monilea incertaKC60]
| |--T. gloriola Iredale 1929H92
| |--T. lifuana (Fischer 1878)H92 [=Trochus lifuanusH92, Monilea lifuanaH09]
| |--T. vernicosa (Gould 1861)MG-H11
| `--T. vitiliginea (Menke 1843)F27, H09 [=Trochus vitiligineusH09, Monilea vitiligineaH09]
|--Isanda Adams & Adams 1854 [Isandini]BR05
| | i. s.: I. hornungi (Bisacchi 1931)H92
| |--*I. (Isanda) coronata Adams 1854KC60
| |--I. (Conominolia Finlay 1927)KC60
| | |--I. (*C.) conica (Marshall 1917) [=Heliacus conicus]KC60
| | `--‘Conominolia’ sulcatina (Suter 1917) [=Solariella sulcatina]F27
| |--I. (Umbonella Adams 1863)KC60
| | `--I. (*U.) murrea (Reeve 1848) [=Turbo murreus]KC60
| `--I. (Waisiolia Beets 1942)KC60
| `--I. (*W.) jucanda Beets 1942KC60
|--Umbonium Link 1807H92 [=Globulus Schumacher 1817KC60, Rotella Lamarck 1822BR05]
| | i. s.: U. costatum (Valenciennes in Kiener 1838–1839)H92
| | U. eloiseae Dance, Moolenbeek & Dekker 1992BC01
| | *Rotella’ lineolata Lamarck 1822BR17
| | ‘Rotella’ neozelanicaH86
| |--*U. (U.) vestiarium (Linnaeus 1758) [=Trochus vestiarius, *Globulus vestiarius, Rotella vestiaria]KC60
| |--U. (Ethaliella Pilsbry 1905)KC60
| | `--U. (*E.) floccata (Sowerby 1903) [=Ethalia floccata]KC60
| |--U. (Protorotella Makiyama 1925)KC60
| | `--U. (*P.) yuantaniensis (Makiyama 1925) [=*Protorotella yuantaniensis]KC60
| `--U. (Suchium Makiyama 1925)KC60
| `--U. (*S.) suchiense Yokoyama 1923KC60
|--Lirularia Dall 1909H92, BR05 [Lirulariinae]
| |--*L. lirulata (Carpenter 1863)BR17 [=Margarites lirulataBR17; incl. Margarita lirulata var. conicaC64]
| | |--L. l. lirulataO27
| | |--L. l. obsoleta (Carpenter 1864) [=Margarites lirulata obsoleta]O27
| | `--L. l. subelevata (Carpenter 1864) [=Margarites lirulata subelevata]O27
| |--L. acuticostata (Carpenter 1864)O27 [=Margarites (Lirularia) acuticostatusB56]
| |--L. althorpensis (Dall 1919) [=Margarites (Lirularia) althorpensis]O27
| |--L. antoniae Rubio & Rolán 1997BC01
| |--L. inflatula (Dall 1920) [=Margarites (Lirularia) inflatula]O27
| |--L. iridescens (Schrenck 1863)H84
| |--L. lacunata (Carpenter 1864) [=Gibbula lacunata, Margarites (Lirularia) lacunata]O27
| |--L. pedroana [=Margarites (Lirularia) pedroana]B56
| |--L. smithi (Bartsch 1927) [=Margarites (Lirularia) smithi]O27
| `--L. succincta (Carpenter 1864) [=Gibbula succincta, Margarites (Lirularia) succincta]O27
|--Ethminolia Iredale 1924 [incl. Conotalopia Iredale 1929, Sericominolia Kuroda & Habe 1952]H92
| |--*E. probabilis Iredale 1924H92
| |--E. durbanensis (Kilburn 1977) [=Solariella durbanensis]H92
| |--E. eilikrines (Melvill 1891)H92
| |--E. elveri Cotton & Godfrey 1938W93
| |--E. eudeli (Deshayes 1863) [=Trochus eudeli]H92
| |--E. gravieri (Lamy 1909) [=Cyclostrema gravieri]H92
| |--‘Minolia’ henniana Melvill 1891H92 [=Isanda (*Conotalopia) hennianaKC60, Monilea hennianaH09]
| |--‘Solariella’ illustris Sturany 1903H92
| |--E. impressa (Nevill & Nevill 1869) [=Solarium impressum, Minolia impressa; incl. M. eucoronata Sowerby 1905]H92
| |--E. nektonica (Okutani 1961) [=Solariella nektonica; incl. S. nektonica tajimensis Okutani & Sakurai 1968]H92
| |--E. sculpta (Sowerby 1897) [=Solariella sculpta, Minolia sculpta]H92
| |--E. stearnsii (Pilsbry 1895) [=Minolia stearnsii, *Sericominolia stearnsii, Solariella stearnsi]H92
| |--‘Conotalopia’ tropicalis (Hedley 1907)W93
| `--E. vitiliginea (Menke 1843) [incl. E. tasmanica Tenison Woods 1877]W93
|--Ethalia Adams & Adams 1854 [incl. Liotrochus Fischer 1878]H92
| |--*E. guamensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1834)H92 (see below for synonymy)
| | |--E. g. guamensisH92
| | `--E. g. selenomphala Pilsbry 1905H92
| |--E. bysma Herbert 1992H92
| |--E. carneolata Melvill 1897 [=Rotella carneolata; incl. E. carneolata var. rubrostrigata Melvill 1904]H92
| |--E. electra Herbert 1992H92
| |--E. gilchristae Herbert 1992H92
| |--E. lamprus (Watson 1880) [=Trochus (Solariella) lamprus]H92
| |--E. minolina Melvill 1897 [incl. E. minolina var. infralaevior Schepman 1908]H92
| |--E. minuta [=Vitrinella minuta]C64
| |--E. pulchella (Adams 1855) [=Isanda pulchella]H09
| |--E. regularis [=Vitrinella regularis]C64
| |--E. striolata (Adams 1855) [incl. E. trilobata Sowerby in Reeve 1875-1878]H92
| |--E. supravallata Carpenter 1864C64
| `--‘Vitrinella’ valvatoidesC64
`--Monilea Swainson 1840 [=Talopia Gray 1842; Talopiidae, Talopiini]BR05
| i. s.: M. angulata Adams 1851H08
| M. belcheri Philippi 1849W93
| M. corrugata [=Trochus corrugatus]B79
| M. glaphyrella (Melvill & Standen 1895) [=Minolia glaphyrella]H09
| M. lentiginosa Adams 1851W93
| M. morti Iredale 1929W93
| M. patricia (Philippi 1851)H92
| M. philippiana Dunker 1871WBS-S15
| M. philippii Adams 1855 [=Ethalia philippii]H92
| M. pudibunda (Fischer 1878) [=Trochus pudibundus]H09
| M. rosea Tenison Woods 1876TW76
| M. stoliczkaiH86
| M. tropicalis Hedley 1907H09
| M. vernicosa Gould 1861H92
|--*M. (Monilea) callifera (Lamarck 1822)KC60 [=Trochus calliferusKC60, *Talopia calliferaBR17]
`--M. (Priotrochus Fischer 1879)KC60, H92 [=Aphanotrochus Martens 1880KC60]
`--M. (*P.) obscura (Wood 1828) [=Trochus obscurus, *Aphanotrochus obscurus]KC60

*Antisolarium egenum (Gould 1849)P61 [=Solarium (Torinia) egenumH92, Minolia egenaF27, Solariella egenaF27; incl. Margarita dilecta Adams 1855H92, Solariella dilectaH92, Trochus (Solariella) dilectusH92]

*Bankivia (Bankivia) fasciata (Menke 1830)W93 [=Phasianella fasciataKC60, Cantharidus fasciatusF27; incl. Bankivia lugubrisH08, B. varians Krauss 1848KC60]

*Leiopyrga lineolaris (Gould 1861)W93, KC60 [=Cantharidus lineolarisKC60, Bankivia (Leiopyrga) lineolarisKC60; incl. Leiopyrga picturata Adams & Adams 1863KC60, Cantharidus picturatusF27]

*Ethalia guamensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1834)H92 [=Rotella guamensisH09, Umbonium (*Ethalia) guamenseKC60; incl. R. montrouzieri Souverbie 1860H92, *Liotrochus montrouzieriH92]

*Parminolia apicina (Gould 1861)W93 [=Monilea apicinaW93, Isanda (Parminolia) apicinaKC60; incl. Minolia agapeta Melvill & Standen 1869KC60, W93, Parminolia agapetaKC60]

‘Solariella’ algoensis Thiele 1925 [incl. Margarita articulata Gould 1861 non Adams 1853, Gibbula articulata, Minolia articulata, Pseudominolia articulata, Mi. bleeki Thiele 1925]H92

*Zethalia zelandica (Adams 1854)P61 [=Umbonium zelandicumP61, Ethalia zelandica Rousseau 1854F27; incl. Globulus anguliferus Philippi 1854 non Sowerby 1840F27, *Ethaliopsis anguliferaF27, Umbonium anguliferumF27]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B56] Berry, S. S. 1956. Mollusca dredged by the Orca off the Santa Barbara Islands, California, in 1951. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 46 (5): 150–157.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[B79] Brazier, J. 1879. List of marine shells collected on Fitzroy Island, north coast of Australia; with notes on their geographical range. Journal of Conchology 2: 186–199.

[C64] Carpenter, P. P. 1864. Supplementary report on the present state of our knowledge with regard to the Mollusca of the west coast of North America. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33: 517–686.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[H08] Hedley, C. 1908. Studies on Australian Mollusca. Part X. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 456–489, pls 7–10.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[H92] Herbert, D. G. 1992. Revision of the Umboniinae in southern Africa and Mozambique (Mollusca: Prosobranchia: Trochidae). Annals of the Natal Museum 33 (2): 379–459.

[H84] Hickman, C. S. 1984. Implications of radular tooth-row functional integration for archaeogastropod systematics. Malacologia 25 (1): 143–160.

[H86] Hutton, F. W. 1886. The Mollusca of the Pareora and Oamaru systems of New Zealand. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 205–237.

[KC60] Knight, J. B., L. R. Cox, A. M. Keen, R. L. Batten, E. L. Yochelson & R. Robertson. 1960. Gastropoda: systematic descriptions. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt I. Mollusca 1: Mollusca—General Features, Scaphopoda, Amphineura, Monoplacophora, Gastropoda—General Features, Archaeogastropoda and some (mainly Paleozoic) Caenogastropoda and Opisthobranchia pp. I169–I331. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. 2 pt 3. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[TW76] Tenison Woods, J. E. 1876. Description of new Tasmanian shells. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1875: 134–162.

[WBS-S15] Willan, R. C., C. Bryce & S. M. Slack-Smith. 2015. Kimberley marine biota. Historical data: molluscs. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 84: 287–343.

[W93] Wilson, B. 1993. Australian Marine Shells vol. 1. Prosobranch Gastropods. Part One. Odyssey Publishing: Kallaroo (Western Australia).

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