Uroobovella

Deutonymphs of Uroobovella marginata on red palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, from Porcelli et al. (2009). Legend from source: a, phoretic deutonymphs on pygidium; b, mites tethered (black arrows) on thorax and head; c, d, phoretic form from dorsum and venter, respectively, black arrow on terminal anus; e, left stigma; f, deutonymph: black arrow on left chelicera; g, conidia of Curvularia attached to shield seta of a deutonymph.

Belongs within: Uropodoidea.

Uroobovella is a genus of uropodoid mites in which both sexes have pedofossae and accessory setae in the intercoxal region. Metapodal lines are present and the female genital shield often bears an anterior projection in species of the subgenus Fuscuropoda; both these features are absent in the type subgenus (Evans & Till 1979). Species of Uroobovella may primarily feed on fungi and organic debris in animal nests and insect galleries (Lindquist et al. 2009). The species U. marginata has received attention as a potential control agent for the slug Laevicaulis alte in tropical crops.

Characters (from Evans & Till 1979): Dorsal shield not divided. Levator tendon of movable digit of chelicera with sclerotised node. Palpfemur with five setae. Forked pilus dentis absent. Both sexes with accessory setae in the intercoxal region and pedofossae. Femur I with nine setae; genu I with a pair of ventral setae; genu III and IV without ventral setae.

<==Uroobovella Berlese 1903EU03 [incl. Austruropoda Womersley 1955H98]
    |--*U. (Uroobovella) obovata (Canestrini & Berlese 1884) [=Uropoda obovata]ET79
    `--U. (Fuscuropoda Vitzthum 1924)ET79 [incl. Pseuduropoda Oudemans 1936FH93]
         |--U. (*F.) marginata (Koch 1839)H98, ET79, H98 [=Notaspis marginatusH98, Uropoda (*F.) marginataET79]
         |--‘Fuscouropoda’ agitansWP98
         |--‘Fuscuropoda’ moneta (Gervais in Walckenaer 1844) [=Uropoda moneta]FH93
         |--‘Fuscuropoda’ tricuspis Sellnick 1973FH93
         `--U. (F.) vegetans (DeGeer 1768)LKW09, FH93 (see below for synonymy)
Uroobovella incertae sedis:
  U. ambigua Hirschmann 1979FH93
  U. assatomarginataVKC07
  U. attaae Hirschmann 1972FH93
  U. australiensis Wisniewski & Hirschmann 1992H98
  U. australiobovata Zirngiebl-Nicol & Hirschmann 1975H98
  U. australiovalis Zirngiebl-Nicol & Hirschmann 1975H98
  U. bicarinata Trägårdh 1931T31
  U. cassida Fox 1948FH93
  U. coprophila (Womersley 1960) [=Cilliba coprophila]H98
  U. cribraria (Ewing 1909) [=Uropoda cribraria]FH93
  U. cristobalensis Hirschmann 1979FH93
  U. cylliboides Hull 1923 (n. d.) [=Urobovella (l. c.) cylliboides]H98
  U. danyii Kontschán 2007K07
  U. decui Huţu 1977FH93
  U. elimataT31
  U. facetaVKC07
  U. fimicola (Berlese 1903)EU03
  U. flagelligerformis Hirschmann 1979FH93
  U. folsomi (Ewing 1909) [=Uropoda folsomi]FH93
  U. hamata Hirschmann 1979FH93
  U. japonicaVKC07
  U. levis Pearse & Wharton in Pearse, Patterson et al. 1936FH93
  U. ligulaformis Hirschmann 1979FH93
  U. magna Hiramatsu & Hirschmann 1977L86
  U. marmoreaLKW09
  U. mazatlana Hirschmann 1979FH93
  U. mexicana Hirschmann 1979FH93
  U. michiganensis (Vitzthum 1926) [=Uropoda michiganensis]FH93
  U. moseri Hirschmann 1972FH93
  U. negreai Huţu 1977FH93
  U. notabilisS61
  U. orri Hirschmann 1972 [=Nenteria orri Moser & Roton 1972 (n. n.)]FH93
  U. orrisimilis Zirngiebl-Nicol & Hirschmann 1975H98
  U. pearsei (Wharton 1938) [=Uropoda pearsei]FH93
  U. peteti (Coineau & Travé 1964)K07
  U. pyriformisLKW09
  U. sellnickivillosella Hirschmann 1979FH93
  U. setosa Pearse & Wharton in Pearse, Patterson et al. 1936FH93
  U. similizairensis Hirschmann 1981FH93
  U. spinosa Pearse & Wharton in Pearse, Patterson et al. 1936FH93
  U. spinulipes (Canestrini 1884) [=Uropoda spinulipes, Centrouropoda spinulipes]H98
  U. tamena Hirschmann 1979FH93
  U. tasmanica (Womersley 1955) [=Austruropoda tasmanica]H98
  U. treati Hirschmann 1980FH93

Uroobovella (Fuscuropoda) vegetans (DeGeer 1768)LKW09, FH93 [=Acarus vegetansFH93, Cilliba vegetansS61, Cyllibano vegetansS22, Ixodes (Uropoda) vegetansG20, *Pseudouropoda vegetansE57, Uropoda vegetansE57; incl. Uropoda obscuraS61]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[EU03] Ekiz, A. N., & R. Urhan. 2003. A new record of Uroobovella Berlese, 1903 (Acari: Uropodina) from Turkey with some ecological notes. Zoology in the Middle East 29: 105–111.

[E57] Evans, G. O. 1957. An introduction to the British Mesostigmata (Acarina) with keys to families and genera. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 43: 203–259.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[K07] Kontschán, J. 2007. Some new records of Uropodina mites (Acari: Mesostigmata) from Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro with descriptions of two new species. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 99: 177–188.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 124–232. Texas Tech University Press.

[L86] Luxton, M. 1986. Mites (Arachnida: Acari) from the coast of Hong Kong. In: B. Morton (ed.) Proceedings of the Second International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Hong Kong and Southern China, Hong Kong, 1986 pp. 667–671. Hong Kong University Press.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

[T31] Trägårdh, I. 1931. Acarina from the Juan Fernandez Islands. Natural History of Juan Fernandez and Easter Islands 3 (4): 553–628.

[VKC07] Vázquez, M. M., H. Klompen & C. I. Chargoy. 2007. Study of the Uropodina (Acari: Mesostigmata) in tropical forests of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico and Belize. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 43–50. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[WP98] Walter, D. E., & H. C. Proctor. 1998. Feeding behaviour and phylogeny: observations on early derivative Acari. Experimental and Applied Acarology 22: 39–50.

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