Masked lapwings Vanellus miles novaehollandiae, copyright Arthur Chapman.

Belongs within: Charadriidae.

Vanellus, the lapwings, is a cosmopolitan genus of relatively large plovers found in inland habitats. Many species possess colourful wattles on the face and/or sharp-pointed bony spurs on the bend of the wing. The northern lapwing V. vanellus is widespread across the Palaearctic region and is coloured black and white, with a green gloss on the black and a narrow black crest.

<==Vanellus Brisson 1760CC10 (see below for synonymy)
    |--V. spinosusBKB15 [=Hoplopterus spinosusRN72b]
    `--+--V. indicusBKB15 [=Lobivanellus indicusRN72a; incl. Parra goensisCC10, *L. goensisCC10]
       |    |--V. i. indicusSU93
       |    `--V. i. atronuchalisSU93
       `--+--V. chilensisBKB15
          `--+--V. resplendensBKB15
             `--+--*V. vanellus (Linnaeus 1758)CC10, BKB15, CC10 (see below for synonymy)
                `--V. miles (Boddaert 1783)JT12, CC10 (see below for synonymy)
                     |--V. m. milesCC10
                     `--V. m. novaehollandiae Stephens in Shaw 1819 (see below for synonymy)CC10
Vanellus incertae sedis:
  V. albicepsJT12
  V. armatusJT12 [=Hoplopterus armatusRN72a]
  V. cayanusJT12 [=Hoplopterus cayanusSS66]
  V. coronatusJT12
  V. crassirostrisJT12
  V. duvauceliiJT12
  V. gregariusJT12
  V. leucurusJT12
  V. lugubrisJT12
  V. macropterusJT12
  V. malarbaricusJT12
  V. melanocephalus (Rüppell 1845)JT12, S05 [=Lobivanellus melanocephalusS05, Tylibyx melanocephalusS05]
  V. melanopterus (Cretzschmar 1829)JT12, S05 [=Charadrius melanopterusS05, Stephanibyx melanopterusS05]
  ‘Sarciophorus’ pectoralisN87
  V. senegallusJT12
  V. superciliosusJT12
  V. tectusJT12 [=Sarciophorus tectusRN72a]
  V. tricolorJT12

Vanellus Brisson 1760CC10 [incl. Hoplopterus Bonaparte 1831B94, Hoploxypterus Bonaparte 1856B94, Lobibyx Heine 1890CC10, Lobivanellus Gray 1841CC10, Sarciophorus Gray 1841B94; Hoploxypterinae, Lobibyxinae, Lobivanellinae, Sarciophorinae]

Vanellus miles (Boddaert 1783)JT12, CC10 [=Tringa milesCC10, Lobibyx milesWS48, Lobivanellus milesR87; incl. Lobiv. personatusR87]

Vanellus miles novaehollandiae Stephens in Shaw 1819 [=Lobibyx novaehollandiae; incl. Tringa lobata Latham 1802 non Linnaeus 1758, *Lobibyx lobata, Lobivanellus lobatus]CC10

*Vanellus vanellus (Linnaeus 1758)CC10, BKB15, CC10 [=Tringa vanellusCC10; incl. V. cristatus Wolf & Meyer 1805CC10, Vanallus (l. c.) cristatusCC10, Vanellus aristatus (l. c.)CC10]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[N87] North, A. J. 1887. List of references to authentic descriptions of Australian birds’ eggs. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (4): 1163–1174.

[R87] Ramsay, E. P. 1887. List of Western Australian birds collected by Mr. Cairn, and Mr. W. H. Boyer-Bower, at Derby and its vicinity, with remarks on the species. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (4): 1085–1100.

[RN72a] Rutgers, A., & K. A. Norris (eds) 1972a. Encyclopaedia of Aviculture vol. 1. London, Blandford Press.

[RN72b] Rutgers, A., & K. A. Norris (eds.) 1972b. Encyclopaedia of Aviculture vol. 2. Blandford Press: London.

[SS66] Sclater, P. L., & O. Salvin. 1866. Catalogue of birds collected by Mr. E. Bartlett on the River Uyacali, Eastern Peru, with notes and descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 175–201.

[SU93] Sonobe, K., & S. Usui (eds.) 1993. A Field Guide to the Waterbirds of Asia. Wild Bird Society of Japan: Tokyo.

[S05] Steinheimer, F. D. 2005. Eduard Rüppel’s avian types at the Natural History Museum, Tring (Aves). Senckenbergiana Biologica 85 (2): 233–264.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M., & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1–126.

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