California wild grape Vitis californica, from Wikimedia Commons.

Belongs within: Gunneridae.

The Vitaceae are a pantropical group of flowering plants including the grapes of the genus Vitis and related taxa. Most are woody vines with tendrils opposite the leaves except for the genus Leea, species of which are herbs or trees. A number of species of Vitis are grown for their edible fruits.

Characters (from Hickman 1993): Woody vines; tendrils opposite leaves; flowers sometimes unisexual. Leaves generally many, cauline, simple or compound, alternate, petioled, deciduous; stipules generally deciduous. Inflorescence a cyme or panicle, generally opposite leaf, peduncled. Flowers radial; sepals generally reduced, generally fused, lobes 5 or absent; petals generally 5, free, reflexed and falling individually (or adherent at tips, more or less erect, and falling as unit), reddish or yellowish; stamens generally 5, opposite petals; nectaries absent or between stamens as more or less free glands; ovary 1, superior, chambers generally 2(–4), style 1 or absent, stigma inconspicuous or head-like. Fruit a berry. Seeds 1–6, large.

<==Vitaceae [Ampelideae, Vitales, Vitineae]
    |  i. s.: ‘Tricolporopollenites’ marcodurensis Gruas-Cavagnetto 1978CBH93
    |    |--A. hederaceaC55
    |    `--A. heterophylaT72
    |    |--C. japonicaDD73
    |    |--C. pedataDD73
    |    `--C. trifoliaLK14
    |--Ievlevia dorofeevii Samylina 1976CBH93
    |--Lagenula Lour. 1790KC01
    |    |--P. quinquefoliaBT87
    |    |--P. tricuspidataBTA75
    |    `--P. vitaceaH93
    |--Leea [Leeaceae, Leeoideae]WM09
    |    |--L. acuminataDD73
    |    |--L. asiaticaBB07
    |    |--L. bracteataDD73
    |    |--L. edgeworthiiP03
    |    |--L. guineensisWM09
    |    |--L. indicaDD73
    |    |--L. robustaDD73
    |    `--L. umbraculiferaDD73
    |    |--A. acetosaLK14
    |    |--A. barbataDD73
    |    |--A. latifoliaP03
    |    `--A. tomentosaP03
    |    |--C. bainesiiCV06
    |    |--C. curroriiCV06
    |    |--C. juttaeCV06
    |    `--C. omburenseCV06
    |    |--T. bracteolatumDD73
    |    |--T. dichotomumA78
    |    |--T. diepenhostiiK03
    |    |--T. dubiumDW04
    |    |--T. hypoclaucumDW04
    |    |--T. lanceolariumA78
    |    |--T. leucostaphylumNDA05
    |    |--T. mutabileA78
    |    |--T. nitensM04
    |    |--T. obovatumNDA05
    |    |--T. papillosumA78
    |    |--T. pergamaceum [=Vitis pergamacea]A78
    |    |--T. rumicispermaDD73
    |    `--T. serrulatumD07
    |    |--C. adenocaulisH91
    |    |--C. adnataLK14
    |    |--C. antarctica [=Vitis antarctica; incl. V. baudiniana, Cissus glandulosa]H97
    |    |--C. assamicaDD73
    |    |--C. dissectaJ87
    |    |--C. hypoglaucaWO92
    |    |--C. palmataF11
    |    |--C. reniformisLK14
    |    |--C. repandaKJ05
    |    |--C. sisyoidesBT87
    |    |--C. sterculiifoliaWO95
    |    `--C. verticillataJ87
    `--Vitis [Vitoideae]TE00
         |--V. aestivalis Michx. 1803CD07
         |--V. californicaH93
         |--V. forestdalensis Traverse 1955CBH93
         |--V. girdianaH93
         |--V. labruscaTE00
         |--V. munsonianaWD91
         |--V. oblongataH97
         |--V. papillosaA78
         |--V. ripariaTE00
         |--V. rupestrisCGW91
         |--V. shifunensisA78
         |--V. sterculifoliaH97
         |--V. trifoliaK03
         |--V. viniferaWM09
         `--V. vitigineaKJ05

*Type species of generic name indicated


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