Vitaceae

California wild grape Vitis californica, from Wikimedia Commons.

Belongs within: Gunneridae.

The Vitaceae are a pantropical group of flowering plants including the grapes of the genus Vitis and related taxa. Most are woody vines with tendrils opposite the leaves except for the genus Leea, species of which are herbs or trees. A number of species of Vitis are grown for their edible fruits.

Characters (from Hickman 1993): Woody vines; tendrils opposite leaves; flowers sometimes unisexual. Leaves generally many, cauline, simple or compound, alternate, petioled, deciduous; stipules generally deciduous. Inflorescence a cyme or panicle, generally opposite leaf, peduncled. Flowers radial; sepals generally reduced, generally fused, lobes 5 or absent; petals generally 5, free, reflexed and falling individually (or adherent at tips, more or less erect, and falling as unit), reddish or yellowish; stamens generally 5, opposite petals; nectaries absent or between stamens as more or less free glands; ovary 1, superior, chambers generally 2(–4), style 1 or absent, stigma inconspicuous or head-like. Fruit a berry. Seeds 1–6, large.

<==Vitaceae [Ampelideae, Vitales, Vitineae]
    |  i. s.: ‘Tricolporopollenites’ marcodurensis Gruas-Cavagnetto 1978CBH93
    |--AmpelopsisP93
    |    |--A. hederaceaC55
    |    `--A. heterophylaT72
    |--ClematicissusYY22
    |--LandukiaYY22
    |--PteresanthesYY22
    |--QuinariaYY22
    |--CayratiaLK14
    |    |--C. japonicaDD73
    |    |--C. pedataDD73
    |    `--C. trifoliaLK14
    |--Ievlevia dorofeevii Samylina 1976CBH93
    |--Lagenula Lour. 1790KC01
    |--ParthenocissusP93
    |    |--P. quinquefoliaBT87
    |    |--P. tricuspidataBTA75
    |    `--P. vitaceaH93
    |--Leea [Leeaceae, Leeoideae]WM09
    |    |--L. acuminataDD73
    |    |--L. asiaticaBB07
    |    |--L. bracteataDD73
    |    |--L. edgeworthiiP03
    |    |--L. guineensisWM09
    |    |--L. indicaDD73
    |    |--L. robustaDD73
    |    `--L. umbraculiferaDD73
    |--AmpelocissusLK14
    |    |--A. acetosaLK14
    |    |--A. barbataDD73
    |    |--A. latifoliaP03
    |    `--A. tomentosaP03
    |--CyphostemmaCV06
    |    |--C. bainesiiCV06
    |    |--C. curroriiCV06
    |    |--C. juttaeCV06
    |    `--C. omburenseCV06
    |--TetrastigmaDL07
    |    |--T. bracteolatumDD73
    |    |--T. dichotomumA78
    |    |--T. diepenhostiiK03
    |    |--T. dubiumDW04
    |    |--T. hypoclaucumDW04
    |    |--T. lanceolariumA78
    |    |--T. leucostaphylumNDA05
    |    |--T. mutabileA78
    |    |--T. nitensM04
    |    |--T. obovatumNDA05
    |    |--T. papillosumA78
    |    |--T. pergamaceum [=Vitis pergamacea]A78
    |    |--T. rumicispermaDD73
    |    `--T. serrulatumD07
    |--CissusP93
    |    |--C. adenocaulisH91
    |    |--C. adnataLK14
    |    |--C. antarctica [=Vitis antarctica; incl. V. baudiniana, Cissus glandulosa]H97
    |    |--C. assamicaDD73
    |    |--C. dissectaJ87
    |    |--C. hypoglaucaWO92
    |    |--C. palmataF11
    |    |--C. reniformisLK14
    |    |--C. repandaKJ05
    |    |--C. sisyoidesBT87
    |    |--C. sterculiifoliaWO95
    |    `--C. verticillataJ87
    `--Vitis [Vitoideae]TE00
         |--V. aestivalis Michx. 1803CD07
         |--V. californicaH93
         |--V. forestdalensis Traverse 1955CBH93
         |--V. girdianaH93
         |--V. labruscaTE00
         |--V. munsonianaWD91
         |--V. oblongataH97
         |--V. papillosaA78
         |--V. ripariaTE00
         |--V. rupestrisCGW91
         |--V. shifunensisA78
         |--V. sterculifoliaH97
         |--V. trifoliaK03
         |--V. viniferaWM09
         `--V. vitigineaKJ05

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

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[DW04] Davis, C. C., & K. J. Wurdack. 2004. Host-to-parasite gene transfer in flowering plants: phylogenetic evidence from Malpighiales. Science 305 (5684): 676–678.

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[H97] Hamilton, A. G. 1897. On domatia in certain Australian and other plants. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 21 (4): 758–792, pl. 57.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[H91] Hokkanen, H. M. T. 1991. Trap cropping in pest management. Annual Review of Entomology 36: 119–138.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1–136.

[KJ05] Katewa, S. S., A. Jain, B. L. Chaudhary & P. Galav. 2005. Some unreported medicinal uses of plants from the tribal area of Southern Rajasthan. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 47: 121–130.

[KC01] Kirk, P. M., P. F. Cannon, J. C. David & J. A. Stalpers. 2001. Ainsworth & Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi 9th ed. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[K03] Kulip, J. 2003. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and other useful plants of Muruts in Sabah, Malaysia. Telopea 10 (1): 81–98.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[M04] Mound, L. A. 2004. Australian long-tailed gall thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripinae, Leeuweniini), with comments on related Old World taxa. Australian Journal of Entomology 43: 28–37.

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[P03] Paul, T. K. 2003. Botanical observations on the Purulia pumped storage hydropower project area, Bagmundi Hills, Purulia district, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45: 121–142.

[P93] Pittaway, A. R. 1993. The Hawkmoths of the Western Palaearctic. Harley Books: Colchester.

[TE00] Tibbetts, T. J. & F. W. Ewers. 2000. Root pressure and specific conductivity in temperate lianas: exotic Celastrus orbiculatus (Celastraceae) vs. native Vitis riparia (Vitaceae). American Journal of Botany 87: 1272–1278.

[T72] Tsuneki, K. 1972. Studies on the scoliid wasps of eastern Asia (Hymenoptera). Etizenia 62: 1–41.

[WD91] Walter, D. E., & H. A. Denmark. 1991. Use of leaf domatia on wild grape (Vitis munsoniana) by arthropods in central Florida. Florida Entomologist 74 (3): 440–446.

[WO92] Walter, D. E., & D. J. O’Dowd. 1992. Leaf morphology and predators: effect of leaf domatia on the abundance of predatory mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae). Environmental Entomology 21 (3): 478–484.

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