Zethinae

Zethus slossonae, copyright Bob Peterson.

Belongs within: Vespidae.
Contains: Ischnocoelia.

The Zethinae are a group of mostly solitary (rarely communal) wasps that may construct nests out of plant material (Hines et al. 2007).

<==Zethinae HH07
|  i. s.: Australozethus Giordani Soika 1969 HH07, C85
|           |–*A. tasmaniensis Giordani Soika 1969 C85
|           |    |–A. t. tasmaniensis C85
|           |    `–A. t. montanus Giordani Soika 1969 [=Pseudozethus tasmaniensis montanus] C85
|           |–A. continentalis Giordani Soika 1969 C85
|           `–A. occidentalis Giordani Soika 1969 C85
|–Calligaster cyanopterus OK99
`–+–Elimus Saussure 1852 OK99, C85
|    |–*E. australis Saussure 1852 C85
|    `–E. mackayensis Meade-Waldo 1910 C85
`–+–Ischnocoelia OK99
`–Zethus OK99
|–Z. biglumis OK99
|–Z. (Zethoides) binodis CC85
|–Z. coeruleopennis OK99
|–Z. diminutus OK99
|–Z. favillaceus OK99
|–Z. fuscus OK99
|–Z. garciai HH07
|–Z. guerreroi CC85
|–Z. haywardi OK99
|–Z. holmbergii Brèthes 1906 B06
|–Z. miniatus HH07
|–Z. miscogaster CC85
|–Z. missionus Brèthes 1906 B06
|–Z. montezuma CC85
|–Z. rhodesianus OK99
|–Z. rugosiceps [=Discoelius rugosiceps] B06
|–Z. sessilis B78
|–Z. slossonae CC85
`–Z. spinipes HH07

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B78] Bohart, R. M. 1978. Tachytes of South America (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae, Larrinae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 104 (3–4): 435–505.

[B06] Brèthes, J. 1906. Véspidos y eumenídidos sudamericanos (nuevo suplemento). Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires, serie 3, 6: 310–377.

[C85] Cardale, J. C. 1985. Vespoidea and Sphecoidea. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia vol. 2. Hymenoptera: Formicoidea, Vespoidea and Sphecoidea pp. 150–303. Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.

[CC85] Carpenter, J. M., & J. M. Cumming. 1985. A character analysis of the North American potter wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae; Eumeninae). Journal of Natural History 19 (5): 877–916.

[HH07] Hines, H. M., J. H. Hunt, T. K. O’Connor, J. J. Gillespie & S. A. Cameron. 2007. Multigene phylogeny reveals eusociality evolved twice in vespid wasps. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 104 (9): 3295–3299.

[OK99] OConnor, B. M., & J. S. H. Klompen. 1999. Phylogenetic perspectives on mite-insect associations: the evolution of acarinaria. In: Needham, G. R., R. Mitchell, D. J. Horn & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 2. Symposia pp. 63–71. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

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