Jujube Ziziphus jujuba, copyright Zeynel Cebeci.

Belongs within: Rhamnaceae.

Ziziphus is a mostly tropical group of trees, shrubs and vines of which some species are cultivated for their edible fruits.

Characters (from Hickman 1993): Tree, shrub, vine. Branches alternate, flexible, sometimes 2-3-ranked; twigs thorn-tipped. Leaves in part clustered on short shoots, deciduous or evergreen, petioled; stipules sometimes unequal spines; blade ovate to oblong, 1-3-ribbed from base, more or less entire to serrate. Inflorescence a cyme or small panicle. Flower with hypanthium surrounding base of wary; sepals 5; petals 5, < or = sepals; stamens 5; wary broadly attached at base, chambers 2, each 1-ovuled, styles 2. Fruit a drupe, stone 1.

|--Z. amoleSK93
|--Z. angustifolius (Miq.) Hatus 1960 (see below for synonymy)S77
|--Z. borneensisSK93
|--Z. calophyllaSK93
|--Z. funiculosaDD73
|--Z. glabrataSK93
|--Z. guaraniticaSK93
|--Z. heguertiiSK93
|--Z. helvolaSK93
|--Z. inermisSK93
|--Z. joazeiroSK93
|--Z. jujubaD01 [incl. Z. vulgarisLO98]
|--Z. lenticellataSK93
|--Z. lotusSK93
|--Z. lycioidesMF68
|--Z. mauritianaP06
| |--Z. m. var. mauritianaP06
| `--Z. m. var. pubescens Bhandari & Bhansai 1990P06
|--Z. melastomoidesSK93
|--z. mistolP16
|--Z. mucronataSK93
|--Z. nummulariaPP07
|--Z. oblongifoliaP16
|--Z. obtusifoliaH93
| |--Z. o. var. obtusifoliaH93
| `--Z. o. var. canescens [=Condalia lycioides var. canescens]H93
|--Z. oenopliaSK93
|--Z. oxyphyllaP03
|--Z. parryi [=Condalia parryi]H93
|--Z. piurensis Pilger 1916P16
|--Z. pseudojoazeiroSK93
|--Z. quadrilocularisLK14
|--Z. rhodoxylonSK93
|--Z. rugosaSK93
|--Z. spina-christiAGF98
|--Z. talanaiSK93
|--Z. thyrsiflorusSK93
|--Z. trinerviaK72
|--Z. weberbaueri Pilger 1916P16
|--Z. xylopyrusSK93
`--Z. zeyherianaSK93

Ziziphus angustifolius (Miq.) Hatus 1960 [=Solenostigma angustifolium Miq. 1861, Celtis angustifolia (Miq.) Planch. in DC. 1873 non Lindl. ex Wall. 1831; incl. Celtis grewioides Warb. 1891]S77

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AGF98] Abd El-Ghani, M. M., & A. G. Fahmy. 1998. Composition of and changes in the spontaneous flora of Feiran Oasis, S Sinai, Egypt, in the last 60 years. Willdenowia 28: 123–134.

[DD73] Deb, D. B., & R. M. Dutta. 1973. Contribution to the flora of Tirap Frontier Division. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (3): 547–573.

[D01] Doweld, A. B. 2001. The systematic relevance of fruit and seed structure in Bersama and Melianthus (Melianthaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 227: 75–103.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[K72] Krishnan, M. 1972. An ecological survey of the larger mammals of peninsular India (continued). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (2): 297–351.

[LO98] Lack, H. W., & H. Ohba. 1998. Die Xylothek des Chikusai Kato. Willdenowia 28: 263–276.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[MF68] Moran, R., & R. Felger. 1968. Castela polyandra, a new species in a new section; union of Holacantha with Castela (Simaroubaceae). Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 15 (4): 31–40.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P., & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 15–78.

[P06] Parmar, P. J. 2006. Additions to the flora of Gujarat from Mehsana and Kutch districts (N. Gujarat). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 48: 191–196.

[P03] Paul, T. K. 2003. Botanical observations on the Purulia pumped storage hydropower project area, Bagmundi Hills, Purulia district, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45: 121–142.

[P16] Pilger, R. 1916. Rhamnaceae andinae. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 54 (Beiblatt 117): 46–47.

[SK93] Schirarend, C., & E. Köhler. 1993. Rhamnaceae Juss. World Pollen and Spore Flora 17/18: 1–53.

[S77] Soepadmo, E. 1977. Ulmaceae. Flora Malesiana, Series I—Spermatophyta, Flowering Plants 8 (2): 31–76.

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