Zodariidae

Zodarion germanicum, from Pavouci.

Belongs within: Amaurobioidea.

The Zodariidae are a primarily tropical and subtropical group of free-living spiders, many of which are specialised predators of ants. They are characterised by reduction of the median and posterior spinnerets, with the anterior spinnerets often being on a common base in the subfamily Zodariinae. Members of the subfamily Storenomorphinae are found in trees whereas other zodariids are ground-dwellers (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007).

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Small to large; six or eight eyes present, eye arrangement variable; cheliceral fangs very short; serrula absent; legs with three tarsal claws with teeth on paired tarsal claws implanted on lateral side facing opposing claw; ecribellate; anterior lateral spinnerets long, posterior spinnerets reduced; entelegyne.

Zodariidae [Zodarioidae]
|--LachesanaPO08 [LachesaninaeJD-S07]
| `--L. rufiventris (Simon 1873)PO08
|--Storenomorpha [Storenomorphinae]JD-S07
| |--S. arboccoaeR14
| `--S. pagumaR14
|--Cryptothele Koch 1872 non Fr. 1866 (ICBN)T94 [Cryptothelidae, Cryptothelinae, CydrelinaeJD-S07]
| |--C. alluaudiR14
| `--C. sundaica Thorell 1890T94
|--Cyrioctea [Cyriocteinae]JD-S07
| |--C. aschaensisR14
| |--C. calderoniR14
| `--C. spiniferaR14
|--Zodarion Walckenaer 1826 [Zodariinae]JD-S07
| |--Z. atlanticum Pekar & Cardoso 2005F05
| |--Z. bosmansi Pekar & Cardoso 2005F05
| |--Z. elegans (Simon 1873)K55
| |--Z. germanicum (Koch 1837)C08
| |--Z. italicumR14
| |--Z. lutipes (Pickard-Cambridge 1872)PO08
| |--Z. nitidum (Audouin 1826)PO08
| `--Z. rubidium Simon 1914C08
`--StoreninaePVD10
|--Forsterella Jocqué 1991PVD10
| `--*F. faceta Jocqué 1991PVD10
`--Storena Walckenaer 1805T94
|--*S. annulipes [=Enyo annulipes, Habronestes annulipes]T94
|--S. aspinosa Jacqué & Baehr 1992JB95
|--S. charlotteJB95
|--S. cochleareJB95
|--S. colossea Rainbow 1920JB95
|--S. cyaneaJB95
|--S. deserticolaJB95
|--S. formosaJB95
|--S. funginaJB95
|--S. harveyi Jocqué & Baehr 1995JB95
|--S. ignavaJB95
|--S. mainae Jocqué & Baehr 1995JB95
|--S. melanognatha van Hass 1882T94
|--S. metallicaJB95
|--S. nugaJB95
|--S. procedensJB95
|--S. rectaJB95
|--S. scitaJB95
|--S. sinuosaJB95
`--S. variepes Rainbow 1912M72

Zodariidae incertae sedis:
Lutica Marx 1891J01
Diores Simon 1893J01
Habronestes bradleyi (Pickard-Cambridge 1869)MC13, C08
Ranops expers (Pickard-Cambridge 1876)PO08
CybaeodamusR14
|--C. meridionalis Lise, Ott & Rodrigues 2010FM11
`--C. taimR14
Leprolochus birabeni Mello-Leitão 1942FM11
Amphiledorus ungoliantae Pekar & Cardoso 2005F05
HermippusJD-S07
MallinellaJD-S07
PsammorygmaJD-S07
CaesetiusJD-S07
Trygetus Simon 1882MG03
|--*T. sexoculatus (Pickard-Cambridge 1872)MG03
`--T. jacksoni Marusik & Guseinov 2003MG03
Minasteron minusculum Baehr & Jocqué 2000T13
AustraluticaMC13
NeostorenaMC13
CavasteronDH10
Chilumena reprobans Jocqué 1995DH10
Euasteron carnarvon Baehr 2003DH10
Leptasteron platyconductor Baehr & Jocqué 2001DH10
MasasteronDH10
|--M. gracilis Baehr 2004DH10
|--M. sampeyae Baehr 2004DH10
`--M. tealei Baehr 2004DH10
NosteraDH10
Notasteron carnarvon Baehr 2005DH10
PentasteronDH10
PseudasteronDH10
SpinasteronDH10
|--S. arenarium Baehr 2003DH10
|--S. barlee Baehr 2003DH10
|--S. longbottom Baehr 2003DH10
`--S. woodstock Baehr 2003DH10
Anniculus balticus Petrunkevitch 1942S93
Eocydrele mortua Petrunkevitch 1958S93
DielecataP92

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[C08] Ceccarelli, F. S. 2008. Behavioral mimicry in Myrmarachne species (Araneae, Salticidae) from north Queensland, Australia. Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 344–351.

[DH10] Durrant, B. J., M. S. Harvey, V. W. Framenau, R. Ott & J. M. Waldock. 2010. Patterns in the composition of ground-dwelling spider communities in the Pilbara bioregion, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 78 (1): 185–204.

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261–282.

[FM11] Freire-Jr, G. de B., & P. C. Motta. 2011. Effects of experimental fire regimes on the abundance and diversity of cursorial arachnids of Brazilian savannah (cerrado biome). Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 263–272.

[J01] Jocqué, R. 2001. Chummidae, a new spider family (Arachnida, Araneae) from South Africa. Journal of Zoology 254: 481–493.

[JB95] Jocqué, R., & B. Baehr. 1995. A supplement to the revision of the Australian spider genus Storena (Araneae: Zodariidae). Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 135–144.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[K55] Kraus, O. 1955. Spinnen von Korsika, Sardinien und Elba (Arach., Araneae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 36: 371–394.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[MG03] Marusik, Yu. M., & E. F. Guseinov. 2003. Spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Azerbaijan. 1. New family and genus records. Arthropoda Selecta 12 (1): 29–46.

[M72] Monroe, R. 1972. Chelicerate type-specimens in the Queensland Museum. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 16 (2): 291–307.

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[PO08] Pluess, T., I. Opatovsky, E. Gavish-Regev, Y. Lubin & M. H. Schmidt. 2008. Spiders in wheat fields and semi-desert in the Negev (Israel). Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 368–373.

[P92] Poinar, G. O., Jr. 1992. Life in Amber. Stanford University Press: Stanford.

[R14] Ramírez, M. J. 2014. The morphology and phylogeny of dionychan spiders (Araneae: Araneomorphae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 390: 1–374.

[S93] Selden, P. A. 1993. Arthropoda (Aglaspidida, Pycnogonida and Chelicerata). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 297–320. Chapman & Hall: London.

[T13] Taylor, C. K. 2013. Annotated bibliography for Barrow Island terrestrial invertebrates. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 135–144.

[T94] Thorell, T. 1894. Förteckning öfver Arachnider från Java och närgränsande öar, insamlade af docenten D:r Carl Aurivillius; jemte beskrifingar å några sydasiatiska och sydamerikanska Spindlar. Bihang till K. Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 20 pt 4 (4): 1–63.

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